Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 손 (Hand)
-아/어/여 버리다 / completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Are Unhappy
-고 말다 / (unintended) completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When you are worried
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 발 (foot)
Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Asking a favor
-(으)ㅁ / simplifying a sentence ending
Sentence Building Drill 15
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 마음 (mind, heart)
-아/어/여 보이다 / looks like, seems like
Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)
Advanced Situational Expressions: 후회할 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 기분 (feeling)
-(으)ㄹ 테니(까) / in return for, since it will be ...
-(으/느)ㄴ 이상 / as long as, since
-(으)ㄹ까 보다 / expressing concern or reason for a decision
Advanced Situational Expressions: 오랜만에 만났을 때
Sentence Building Drill 16
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 생각 (thought, idea)
Word builder 20 / 시 (示, 視)
-(으)면서 / while
-(ㄴ/는)다면서(요), -(이)라면서(요) / didn't you say ...
Advanced Situational Expressions: 길을 물어볼 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 시간 (time)
-더니 / this happened and then that happened
-(으)ㄹ 바에 / might as well, I would rather
Advanced Situational Expressions: 차가 막힐 때
Sentence Building Drill 17
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions - 기분 (feeling)
This is an Advanced Idiomatic Expressions lesson related to 기분, feelings or emotions. In order to fully understand and use the expressions introduced in this series, it is essential that you understand the grammatical structure of the sentences. When you come across a grammar point that you are unfamiliar with, please go back and review the related TTMIK lessons.
기분 = feeling, emotion, mood
1. 기분이 좋다 = to feel happy, to feel upbeat
(좋다 = to be good)
→ When your 기분 (feeling) is good, it means that you are feeling great and happy in general. When you say that you feel good in English, it can also be related to your health, but in Korean, it’s mostly related to your feelings at that moment. You can also use 기분이 좋다 when you feel good because of a nice cool breeze or a soothing massage, but not about general health conditions on a certain day.
Ex) 오늘 기분이 좋아 보이는데, 좋은 일 있어요?
= You look happy today. Is there anything good happening?
2. 기분이 나쁘다 = to be in a bad mood, to be unpleasant
(나쁘다 = to be bad)
→ When you say that you “feel bad” in English, it can mean that you are sorry about something and you feel like you have to apologize or feel responsible for a bad result. But in Korean, when you say 기분이 나쁘다, it never means that you are apologetic but just upset or unpleasant. You can also say 기분이 나쁘다 about something or someone that is unpleasant to you.
Ex) 그 사람이 저를 보고 웃으면 왠지 기분이 나빠요.
= When he smiles at me, for some reason, I feel unpleasant.
3. 기분 좋게 = willingly, with good cheer
(좋게 = nicely)
→ 기분 좋게 is basically the adverbial form of 기분 좋다, and you can use it either about how someone does something without feeling forced or upset about having to do something, or about how someone is actually feeling happy while doing something.
Ex) 원래는 기분 좋게 도와주려고 했는데, 기분 나빠졌어요. 혼자 하세요.
= At first I was going to help you with good cheer, but I feel angry now. You can do it by yourself.
4. 기분을 풀다 = to relieve one’s feelings
(풀다 = resolve, untangle)
→ 풀다 literally means to “resolve” or “untangle” something, so when you untangle someone’s feelings that are upset, you make them feel better or less upset. You can also use 기분을 풀다 to describe how you divert oneself and relieve some stress.
Ex) 제가 맛있는 거 사 줄 테니까 이제 기분 좀 풀어요.
= I will buy you something delicious, so please stop being angry at me.
5. -(으)ㄹ 기분이 아니다 = to be not in the mood for
→ This expression is actually very similar to the English expression, “to be not in the mood to” do something.
Ex) 저 지금 농담할 기분 아니에요.
= I’m not in the mood to play jokes (with you).
6. 기분이 상하다 = to be offended
(상하다 = to rot, to go bad)
→ You can use 기분이 상하다 when someone’s feelings are hurt by what someone else said, but also when someone is heartbroken by something that happened.
Ex) 그냥 농담이었는데 기분 상했어요?
= I was just joking. Did I hurt your feelings?
7. 기분 내키는 대로 = just the way one wants
(내키다 = to feel like, to be inclined)
→ The expression 기분 내키는 대로 has a slightly negative nuance, so when you say it about someone, you are usually not very happy about the way that person behaves.
Ex) 그 사람은 기분 내키는 대로 행동하는 게 꼭 어린 아이 같아요.
= He does whatever he feels like; he’s like a child.
8. 기분이 들뜨다 = to be excited, to be exhilarated
(들뜨다 = to be excited)
Ex) 내일 런던에 갈 생각에 기분이 들떴어요.
= I’m very excited by the thought of going to London tomorrow.
9. 기분 전환을 하다 = to refresh oneself
(전환 = change, switch)
→ 전환 means transition or change, so when you “do” a 기분 전환 (mood transition), it usually means that you usually refresh yourself or get some fresh air, usually by doing something different for a change, like going out for a walk, meeting friends, or going on a short trip.
Ex) 기분 전환 하러 잠시 밖에 나갔다 왔어요.
=I went out for a bit to refresh myself.
10. 기분 탓이다 = to be just imagination
(탓 = reason, fault, blame)
→ When there’s no real issue or substantial problem but you feel like something is wrong or is happening, you can say that it’s just the fault of your 기분 (feeling). You can often hear people saying 기분 탓인가? (= It is just me?) or 기분 탓일 거예요 (= You’re just feeling that way).
Ex) 그냥 기분 탓일 거예요. 너무 걱정 마세요.
= You are just imagining things. Don’t worry too much.
11. -(으/느)ㄴ 기분이 들다
(들다 = to come in)
→ 기분이 들다 literally means “a feeling enters” so when you feel like something is happening or will happen, you can use this phrase.
Ex) 왠지 오늘은 좋은 일이 있을 것 같은 기분이 들어요.
= For some reason, I feel like there is going to be something good (happen to me).
12. 기분이 가라앉다
(가라앉다 = to sink)
Ex) 그 얘기를 들으니 기분이 가라앉았어요.
= After hearing that news, I felt down.