Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 손 (Hand)
-아/어/여 버리다 / completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Are Unhappy
-고 말다 / (unintended) completed action
Advanced Situational Expressions: When you are worried
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 발 (foot)
Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)
Advanced Situational Expressions: Asking a favor
-(으)ㅁ / simplifying a sentence ending
Sentence Building Drill 15
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 마음 (mind, heart)
-아/어/여 보이다 / looks like, seems like
Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)
Advanced Situational Expressions: 후회할 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 기분 (feeling)
-(으)ㄹ 테니(까) / in return for, since it will be ...
-(으/느)ㄴ 이상 / as long as, since
-(으)ㄹ까 보다 / expressing concern or reason for a decision
Advanced Situational Expressions: 오랜만에 만났을 때
Sentence Building Drill 16
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 생각 (thought, idea)
Word builder 20 / 시 (示, 視)
-(으)면서 / while
-(ㄴ/는)다면서(요), -(이)라면서(요) / didn't you say ...
Advanced Situational Expressions: 길을 물어볼 때
Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 시간 (time)
-더니 / this happened and then that happened
-(으)ㄹ 바에 / might as well, I would rather
Advanced Situational Expressions: 차가 막힐 때
Sentence Building Drill 17
In this lesson, we are going to take a look at the grammar structure, -아/어/여 버리다. This structure is used to express the completion of a certain action. In addition to the fact that anaction is completed, this structure also includes the speaker’s feeling, which can be 1) a happy feeling about finally completing a task and getting rid of a burden, or 2) a sad feeling thatsomething happened in a way that the speaker did not want or expect.
Verb stem + -아/어/여 버리다
끝나다 = to finish; to end
→ 끝나 버리다 = to finish; to come to an end
→ 끝나 버렸어요. = It ended (and I am sad about it). / It ended (and it’s completely over).
Although the construction is fairly simple, it will take some time to get used to the actual meaning behind this grammar structure, especially when you want to determine whether the feeling contained in the sentence is a happy one about completing a task or a sad one aboutsomething ending.
Examples of a happy feeling attached to -아/어/여 버리다
1. 다 끝내 버렸어요!
= I’ve finished everything!
2. 고민하다가, 사 버렸어요!
= I was hesitating, but I’ve (finally) bought it!
Examples of a sad feeling attached to -아/어/여 버리다
1. 잃어 버렸어요.
= I’ve lost it (and I’m not happy about it).
2. 떨어져 버렸어요.
= It dropped (and I didn’t want it to).
1. 어제 산 핸드폰을 잃어 버렸어요.
= I lost the cell phone I bought yesterday. (And I didn’t want that to happen.)
2. 안 좋은 일은 다 잊어 버렸어요.
= I’ve forgotten all the bad things. (I am done with them.)
3. 빨리 끝내 버리세요.
= Get it over with quickly.
= Finish it quickly and be done with it already.
4. 벌써 다 말해 버렸어요.
= I’ve already told them everything. (It’s done. It’s over.)
5. 10분 더 기다려도 안 오면 저 혼자 가 버릴 거예요.
= If I wait for 10 more minutes (and) you don’t come, I will just go by myself.
6. 어제 쓴 글이 마음에 안 들어서 다 지워 버렸어요.
= I didn’t like what I wrote yesterday, so I’ve erased it all.
7. 효진 씨한테 기다려 달라고 했는데, 그냥 가 버렸어요.
= I asked Hyojin to wait, but she just left.
8. 컴퓨터가 멈춰 버렸어요.
= My computer has stopped. (And it’s causing me trouble.)
9. 시작한 김에 오늘 다 끝내 버리는 거 어때요?
= Now that we’ve started it, why don’t we just get it all done today?
10. 영화가 벌써 시작해 버렸어요.
= Oh, no! The movie has already begun!