Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

Congratulations on finishing Level 1 and advancing to Level 2! You have already learned a lot, but you can’t stop there, right? Stay with us and don’t forget that practice makes perfect and we are cheering you on! Level 2 Lesson 1 introduces the future tense. Future tense is very easy to use once you learn how, so let’s get right into it!

Welcome to Level 2 and congratulations on making your way through Level 1!  In Level 2, we will study grammar and expressions to help build upon what you learned in Level 1.


In this lesson, we are going to learn how to talk about the future in Korean.


Future Tense

The most common way of making future tense sentences in Korean is by adding ㄹ/을 거예요 [l/eul geo-ye-yo].


Verb + ㄹ/을 거예요 = future tense


How to determine whether to use ㄹ 거예요 or 을 거예요:

1. Verb stems ending with a vowel (보다, 가다, 자다) are followed by ㄹ 거예요.

보다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 볼 거예요. 

가다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 갈 거예요. 

자다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 잘 거예요.


2. Verb stems ending with a consonant (먹다, 찾다, 붙다) are followed by 을 거예요.

먹다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 먹을 거예요. 

찾다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 찾을 거예요. 

붙다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 붙을 거예요.

(**There is no complex reason for this. It’s just for the ease of pronunciation.)

    

3. Exception: Verb stems already ending with ㄹ at the end (놀다, 멀다, 살다) are followed only by 거예요.

놀다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 놀 거예요. 

멀다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 멀 거예요. 

살다 + ㄹ/을 거예요 = 살 거예요.


When a verb is changed into this form, it takes on the meaning of “to be going to” do something or “will” do something, but as you will find out when you hear more conversations  between native speakers, the present tense can also serve to express the future, when the context is very clear.


For example, “I’m going to go tomorrow” is “내일 갈 거예요” in the future tense Korean, but even if you say “내일 가요” (which is in the present tense), it still makes perfect sense, depending on the situation.


Examples

가다 [ga-da] = to go

가 + ㄹ 거예요. [ga + l geo-ye-yo]

--> 갈 거예요. [gal geo-ye-yo] = I’m going to go. I will go.


지금 갈 거예요. = I’m going to go (there) now. 

혼자 갈 거예요. = I’m going to go alone. 

내일 갈 거예요. = I’m going to go tomorrow. 


하다 [ha-da] = to do

하 + ㄹ 거예요. [ha + l geo-ye-yo]

--> 할 거에요. [hal geo-ye-yo] = I’m going to do (it). I will do (it).


뭐 할 거예요? = What are you going to do?

언제 할 거예요? = When are you going to do (it)?

이거 언제 할 거예요? = When are you going to do this?

이거 정말 할 거예요? = Are you really going to do it?


입다 [ip-da] = to wear

입 + 을 거예요. [ip + eul geo-ye-yo]

--> 입을 거예요. [i-beul geo-ye-yo] = I’m going to wear (it). I will wear (it).


청바지 입을 거예요. = I’m going to wear blue jeans.

뭐 입을 거예요? = What are you going to wear? 

티셔츠 입을 거예요. = I’m going to wear a t-shirt.

치마 입을 거예요. = I’m going to wear a skirt.


만나다 [man-na-da] = to meet

만나 + ㄹ 거예요. [man-na l geo-ye-yo]

--> 만날 거예요. [man-nal geo-ye-yo] = I’m going to meet (him/her/that person/them). I will meet (him/her/that person/them).


누구 만날 거예요? = Who are you going to meet?

어디에서 만날 거예요? = Where are you going to meet?

언제 만날 거예요? = When are you going to meet?


팔다 [pal-da] = to sell

팔 + 거예요. [pal geo-ye-yo]

--> 팔 거예요. [pal geo-ye-yo] = I’m going to sell (it). I will sell (it).


뭐 팔 거예요? = What are you going to sell?

어디에서 팔 거예요? = Where are you going to sell it?

얼마에 팔 거예요? = At what price are you going to sell it?

Congratulations on finishing Level 1 and advancing to Level 2! You have already learned a lot, but you can’t stop there, right? Stay with us and don’t forget that practice makes perfect and we are cheering you on! Level 2 Lesson 1 introduces the future tense. Future tense is very easy to use once you learn how, so let’s get right into it!
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