Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

Welcome back to another lesson on TENSEs! In this lesson we are introducing how to make sentences in the present progressive form, such as “I’m eating.” “I’m studying.” and “I’m driving.” The basic construction in the present tense is VERB STEM + -고 있어요 [-go i-sseo-yo], and you can find out how to say this in the past tense and the future tense as well by listening to the lesson.

Here is another lesson about TENSES! In this lesson, we are introducing how to make sentences in the present progressive form (현재 진행형) in Korean.


Examples of present progressive sentences in English.

1. I’m reading a book.

2. What are you watching?

3. He’s helping me a lot.


Basic construction:

- to be -ing = Verb stem + -고 있다 [-go it-da]

보다 [bo-da] = to see

보고 있다 [bo-go it-da] = to be seeing


Present progressive:

- am/are/is -ing = Verb stem + -고 있어요 [-go i-sseo-yo]

밖에 비가 오고 있어요. [ba-kke bi-ga o-go i-sseo-yo] = It is raining outside. 

밖에 눈이 오고 있어요. [ba-kke nu-ni o-go i-sseo-yo] = It is snowing outside.

밖에 바람이 불고 있어요. [ba-kke ba-ra-mi bul-go i-sseo-yo] = The wind is blowing outside.


Past progressive:

- was/were -ing = Verb stem + -고 있었어요 [-go i-sseo-sseo-yo]

눈이 오고 있었어요. [nu-ni o-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = It was snowing.

비가 오고 있었어요. [bi-ga o-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = It was raining.

바람이 불고 있었어요. [ba-ra-mi bul-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = The wind was blowing.

경은 씨가 자고 있었어요. [kyeong-eun ssi-ga ja-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = Kyeong-eun was sleeping.


Future progressive:

- will be -ing = Verb stem + -고 있을 거예요 [-go i-sseul geo-ye-yo]


Past and future progressive sentences are certainly very commonly and are used everyday in Korean, but if you have a very thorough understanding of how to use the present progressive form, past and future progressive forms become very easy to use, too.


When using present progressive tense, there are two important points to remember:

1)

Literal translation between Korean present progressive sentences and English present progressive sentences does not always work, especially if you use the present progressive form in English to indicate the future.

For example, if you say “I’m not going to work tomorrow” in English, you are not talking about the present but the future, so in Korean you can not use the -고 있어요 form.


2)

In everyday conversations, sentences that need to be in the present progressive form do not always take the -고 있어요 form. Korean people often just use the plain present tense form even for sentences that take the present progress tense in English.


Examples

Instead of saying:

A: 지금 뭐 하고 있어요? [ ji-geum mwo ha-go i-sseo-yo?] = What are you doing now?
B: 공부하고 있어요. [gong-bu-ha-go i-sseo-yo] = I am studying.


many people say:

A: 지금 뭐 해요? [ ji-geum mwo hae-yo?] = What are you doing now?
B: 공부해요. [gong-bu-hae-yo] = I am studying.


Sample sentences

일하다 [il-ha-da] = to work

일하고 있어요. [il-ha-go i-sseo-yo] = I am working.

일하고 있었어요. [il-ha-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = I was working.

일하고 있을 거예요. [il-ha-go i-sseul geo-ye-yo] = I’ll be working.


듣다 [deut-da] = to listen

듣고 있어요. [deut-go i-sseo-yo] = I am listening.

듣고 있었어요. [deut-go i-sseo-sseo-yo] = I was listening.

듣고 있을 거예요. [deut-go i-sseul geo-ye-yo] = I will be listening.


Sample sentences by our friends

규환: 너 여기서 뭐 하고 있어요?

[neo yeo-gi-seo mwo ha-go i-sseo-yo?]

= What are you doing here?

여기서 [yeo-gi-seo] = 여기에서 [yeo-gi-e-seo] = here; in this place; at this place


규환: 노숙하고 있어요.

[no-su-ka-go i-sseo-yo.]

= I’m sleeping on the street.

노숙하다 [no-su-ka-da] = to sleep on the street


미경: 지금 당신을 생각하고 있어요.

[ ji-geum dang-si-neul saeng-ga-ka-go i-sseo-yo.]

= I’m thinking about you now.

당신 [dang-sin] = you (formal, written language)


효성: 강의가 지루해서 꾸벅꾸벅 졸고 있어요.

[gang-ui-ga ji-ru-hae-seo kku-beok-kku-beok jol-go i-sseo-yo.]

= The lecture is boring so I’m dozing off.

강의 [gang-ui] = lecture, class

지루하다 [ ji-ru-ha-da] = to be boring

꾸벅꾸벅 [kku-beok-kku-beok] = an adjective describing the action of dozing off

졸다 [ jol-da] = to doze


효성: 잠도 안 자고 영어 공부 하고 있어요.

[ jam-do an ja-go yeong-eo gong-bu ha-go i-sseo-yo.]

= I have even given up sleep and I'm studying English instead.


석진: 저 사람 봐요. 자면서 이야기하고 있어요.

[ jeo sa-ram bwa-yo. ja-myeon-seo i-ya-gi-ha-go i-sseo-yo.]

= Look at that person. He is talking while sleeping.

Welcome back to another lesson on TENSEs! In this lesson we are introducing how to make sentences in the present progressive form, such as “I’m eating.” “I’m studying.” and “I’m driving.” The basic construction in the present tense is VERB STEM + -고 있어요 [-go i-sseo-yo], and you can find out how to say this in the past tense and the future tense as well by listening to the lesson.
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