Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
Now in this lesson, we are going to look at how to do self-introductions in Korean. Through our previous lessons, we have looked at various tenses, sentence patterns, and grammar points. By using what you have already learned, you can already express a lot about yourself. Here in this lesson, we will introduce more vocabulary words and phrases that are specific and absolutely necessary for introducing oneself.
There are hundreds and thousands of different situations in which one would need to introduce him/herself, but to generalize the self-introduction process by a great deal, you normally deliver these pieces of information:
- place of living
- family members
You don’t have to try to memorize all the expressions necessary for introducing yourself in Korean as the situation might vary and you might have a lot of information and stories unique to yourself, no single detailed chapter on self-introduction can cover everything you need to know. But basically, the sentences patterns that you get to use a lot are the following:
1. ABC은/는 XYZ이에요. [ABC-eun/neun XYZ-i-e-yo.] = ABC is XYZ.
I’m a student. = 저는 학생이에요. [ jeo-neun hak-saeng-i-e-yo.]
I’m a teacher. = 저는 선생님이에요. [ jeo-neun seon-saeng-nim-i-e-yo.]
I’m James. = 저는 제임스예요. [ jeo-neun je-im-seu-ye-yo.]
My name is Stephen. = 제 이름은 스티븐이에요. [ je i-reum-eun seu-ti-beun-i-e-yo.]
My sister’s name is Taliana. = 제 여동생 이름은 탈리아나예요. [ je yeo-dong-saeng i-reum-eun tal-li-a-na-ye-yo.]
I am 30 years old. = 저는 30살이에요. [ jeo-neun seo-reun-sal-i-e-yo.]
My name is Choi Kyeungeun. = 제 이름은 최경은이에요.
My age is a secret. = 제 나이는 비밀이에요.
And I am a Korean teacher. = 그리고 저는 한국어 선생님이에요.
2. ABC은/는 XYZ이/가 [ABC-eun/neun XYZ-i/ga] + VERB = As for ABC, XYZ + VERB.
저는 여동생이 있어요. [ jeo-neun yeo-dong-saeng-i i-sseo-yo.] = I have a younger sister. (lit. “As
for me, a younger sister exists.”)
저는 남동생이 었어요. [ jeo-neun nam-dong-saeng-i i-sseo-yo.] = I have a younger brother.
저는 언니가 있어요. [ jeo-neun eon-ni-ga i-sseo-yo.] = I have an older sister.
저는 취미가 없어요. [ jeo-neun chwi-mi-ga eop-sseo-yo.] = I don’t have any hobbies. (lit. “As for me, the hobby doesn’t exist.”)
저는 취미가 수영이에요. [ jeo-neun chwi-mi-ga su-yeong-i-e-yo.] = My hobby is swimming. (lit. “As for me, the hobby, swimming is.”)
3. ABC은/는 XYZ에/에서 [ABC-eun/neun XYZ-e/e-seo] + VERB = ABC + VERB + in XYZ.
저는 서울에 살아요. [ jeo-neun seo-u-re sa-ra-yo.] = I live in Seoul.
저는 은행에서 일해요. [ jeo-neun eun-haeng-e-seo il-hae-yo.] = I work in a bank.
저는 대학교에서 중국어를 가르쳐요. [ jeo-neun dae-hak-gyo-e-seo jung-gu-geo-reul ga-reuchyeo-yo.] = I teach Chinese in college.
저는 미국에서 태어났어요. [ jeo-neun mi-gu-ge-seo tae-eo-na-sseo-yo.] = I was born in the USA.
Some vocabulary words that you might want to know:
나이 [na-i] = age
취미 [chwi-mi] = hobby
직장 [ jik-jang] = workplace
직업 [ ji-geop] = job = 하는 일 [ha-neun il]
사는 곳 [sa-neun got] = place of living
가족 [ga-jok] = family
친척 [chin-cheok] = relatives, extended family
대학생 [dae-hak-saeng] = university student
고등학생 [go-deung-hak-saeng] = high school student
중학생 [ jung-hak-saeng] = middle school student
초등학생 [cho-deung-hak-saeng] = elementary school student
처음 뵙겠습니다. [cheo-eum boep-ge-sseum-ni-da] = How do you do?
반갑습니다. [ban-gap-seum-ni-da] = It’s nice to meet you.
제 명함이에요. [ je myeong-ham-i-e-yo] = It’s my business card.
다음에 또 봬요. [da-eu-me tto bwae-yo] = See you again next time.
이야기 많이 들었어요. [i-ya-gi ma-ni deu-reo-sseo-yo] = I’ve heard a lot about you.