Level 2 Korean Grammar

Unable to find Content type

0 / 31 Lessons
1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

안녕하세요. What are some things that you can do and you can’t do? Which of those things would you like to be able to say that you can or can’t do in Korean? In this lesson we are introducing how to say “can” and “cannot” in Korean.

After studying with the previous lessons, you can now form various sentence structures in Korean. Now it’s time to look at how to say that you “can” or “cannot” do something.


The sentence structure you can use to say that you “can” do something is:

-(으)ㄹ 수 있다 [-(eu)l su it-da]


Examples:

보다 = to see

--> 보 + -ㄹ 수 있다 = 볼 수 있다 [bol su it-da] = can see


먹다 = to eat

--> 먹 + -을 수 있다 = 먹을 수 있다 [meo-geul su it-da] = can eat


** Verb stems ending in a vowel are followed by -ㄹ 수 있다 and verb stems ending with a consonant are followed by -을 수 있다. The difference is whether you have the extra 으 or not in front of -ㄹ 수 있다, for the ease of pronunciation.


In -(으)ㄹ 수 있다, the word 수 [su] literally means an ‘idea’ or a ‘way’ for solving a problem or for getting something done. This is the same meaning as 방법(= a method), so -(으)ㄹ 수 있다 literally means “to have a way or an idea for doing” something.


Therefore, when you do NOT have “a way or an idea” for doing something, it means you can NOT do it, and in Korean it becomes -(으)ㄹ 수 없다, using 없다, the opposite word of 있다.


Examples:

자다 = to sleep

--> 자 + -ㄹ 수 없다 = 잘 수 없다 [ jal su eop-da] = cannot sleep

<--> 잘 수 있다 [ jal su it-da] = can sleep


잡다 = to catch

--> 잡 + -을 수 없다 = 잡을 수 없다 [ ja-beul su eop-da] = cannot catch

<--> 잡을 수 있다 [ ja-beul su it-da] = can catch


Another way to say -(으)ㄹ 수 없다 is by using the word 못 before a verb.


-(으)ㄹ 수 없다 is the most basic way to express “cannot”, but it is not always used in spoken Korean. A more common way to say “cannot” or “to be unable to” in spoken Korean is by adding 못 before a verb.


갈 수 없다 = 못 가다 [verb: 가다] = cannot go

볼 수 없다 = 못 보다 [verb: 보다] = cannot see

먹을 수 없다 = 못 먹다 [verb: 먹다] = cannot eat

할 수 없다 = 못 하다 [verb: 하다] = cannot do


Sample sentences

운전 할 수 있어요? [un-jeon hal su i-sseo-yo?]

= Can you drive? (lit. “Can you do driving?”)


일본어 할 수 있어요? [il-bo-neo hal su i-sseo-yo?]

= Can you speak Japanese? (lit. “Can you do Japanese?”)


이거 읽을 수 있어요? [i-geo il-geul su i-sseo-yo?]

= Can you read this?


못 읽어요. [mot il-geo-yo.]

= I can’t read it.


지금 못 만나요. [ ji-geum mot man-na-yo.]

= I can’t meet you now.

안녕하세요. What are some things that you can do and you can’t do? Which of those things would you like to be able to say that you can or can’t do in Korean? In this lesson we are introducing how to say “can” and “cannot” in Korean.
Comments
주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
Version: TTMIK v1.2.132-production