Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

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Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson.

In Level 2 Lesson 14, we learned how to add the meaning of “also” to a verb in Korean. Let’s review a little: In order to add -도 to a verb, you must change the verb into the noun form by adding -기 to the verb stem, add the -도, and end with 하다 (i.e. 먹기도 해요.)


In this lesson, we are going to look at a more general way of making nouns out of action verbs. Understanding how this works will help you a great deal in understanding how to form other various expressions in Korean.


-는 것 [-neun geot]


This is the most basic and general way of changing an action verb into a noun. 것 [geot] originally means “a thing”, “an object”, or “stuff”, but when it is used like this, it can also mean “a fact” or “an act”.


Construction:

Verb stem + -는 것 


By changing verbs into nouns, [verb stem + -는 것] can take many different meanings:

1. “doing” something

2. the act of “doing” something

3. the thing that you “do”

4. what you “do”

5. the fact that you do something


Ex)

보다 [bo-da] = to see

보는 것 [bo-neun geot] = seeing; the act of seeing; the thing that you see; what I watch


가다 [ga-da] = to go

가는 것 [ga-neun geot] = going; the act of going


먹다 [meok-da] = to eat

먹는 것 [meok-neun geot] = eating; the act of eating; the thing that you eat; what you eat


사다 [sa-da] = to buy

사는 것 [sa-neun geot] = buying; the act of buying; the thing that you buy; what you buy


Note that this is only for verbs in the present tense. We will look at how to say things like “the thing you will buy” or “the thing you bought” in our future lessons, but for your reference, you use -(으)ㄴ 것 for the past tense and -(으)ㄹ 것 for the future tense.


산 것 = what you bought

사는 것 = what you buy

살 것 = what you will buy


먹은 것 = what you ate

먹는 것 = what you eat

먹을 것 = what you will eat


-는 것 vs -는 거 

-는 것 is the standard form, but often times the form -는 거 is used because it is easier to pronounce. It is not, however, ever used in very formal situations. 


지금 듣는 것은 노래예요.

[ ji-geum deut-neun geo-seun no-rae-ye-yo.]

= What I am listening to now is a song.

==> 지금 듣는 거는 노래예요.


오늘 만나는 것 알아요?

[o-neul man-na-neun geot a-ra-yo?]

= Do you know that we are meeting today?

==> 오늘 만나는 거 알아요?


매운 것 잘 먹어요?

[mae-un geot jal meo-geo-yo?]

= Are you good at eating spicy foods?

==> 매운 거 잘 먹어요?


More sample sentences

1. 제 취미는 영화 보는 거예요. 

[je chwi-mi-neun yeong-hwa bo-neun geo-ye-yo.]

= My hobby is watching movies.


2. 요즘 공부하는 거는 뭐예요? 

[yo-jeum gong-bu-ha-neun geo-neun mwo-ye-yo?]

= Recently, what is it that you are studying?

= 요즘 뭐 공부해요?


3. 저는 친구랑 수다떠는 거를 좋아해요. 

[jeo-neun chin-gu-rang su-da-tteo-neun geo-reul jo-a-hae-yo.]

= I like chitchatting with my friends. 

In Korean when you link phrases with other phrases, you often make one phrase into a noun form and have it included in a bigger phrase. In order to do that, we are going to look at how to make verbs into nouns in this lesson.
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