Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
After studying with this lesson, you can compare two things or people in Korean by saying that something is better than something else, or someone is taller than someone else.
How to say “more” in Korean:
In Korean, the word for “more” is 더 [deo]. In English, relatively short words change their forms
instead of having the word “more” in front of them, such as “shorter”, “hotter”, “faster”. In Korean, however, all words just have 더 in front of them.
빠르다 = to be fast
더 빠르다 = to be faster
비싸다 = to be expensive
더 비싸다 = to be more expensive
예뻐요. = It’s pretty. / You’re pretty. / She’s pretty.
더 예뻐요. = It’s prettier. / You’re prettier. / She’s prettier.
How to say “than” in Korean:
The word for “than” or “compared to” is 보다 [bo-da].
The basic construction for this is not very complicated, but the word order in Korean is completely different from English. Let us compare the two.
English: A watermelon is bigger than an apple.
Korean: 수박은 사과보다 더 커요. [su-ba-geun sa-gwa-bo-da keo-yo.]
** In the English sentence above, the word “than” comes BEFORE “apple”, but in Korean, the
word -보다 [bo-da] (which means “than”) comes AFTER 사과 [sa-gwa], which means “apple”.
than A = A보다
more (verb/adjective/adverb) than A = A보다 더 (verb/adjective/adverb)
to be big = 크다 [keu-da]
to be bigger = 더 크다 [deo keu-da]
It’s bigger. = 더 커요. [deo keo-yo.]
It’s bigger than this one. 이거보다 더 커요. [i-geo-bo-da deo keo-yo.]
to be nice = 좋다 [jo-ta]
to be nicer = 더 좋다 [deo jo-ta]
It’s nicer. = 더 좋아요. [deo jo-a-yo.]
It’s nicer than this one. = 이거보다 더 좋아요. [i-geo-bo-da deo jo-a-yo.]
to be nice (to people) = 착하다 [cha-ka-da]
to be nicer = 더 착하다 [deo cha-ka-da]
현우 is nicer. = 현우 씨는 더 착해요. [hyeo-nu ssi-neun deo cha-kae-yo.]
현우 is nicer than 경은. = 현우 씨는 경은 씨보다 더 착해요. [hyeo-nu ssi-neun gyeong-eun ssi-bo-da deo cha-kae-yo.]
** 더 [deo] is not always necessary in Korean sentences. In English, it would be weird if you
said “She’s busy than me” instead of “She’s busier than me,” but in Korean, the meaning is perfectly clear even without the word 더 [deo].
1. 오늘은 어제보다 더워요. [o-neu-reun eo-je-bo-da deo-wo-yo.]
= Today is hotter than yesterday.
2. 영어는 한국어보다 어려워요. [yeong-eo-neun han-gu-geo-bo-da eo-ryeo-wo-yo.]
= English is more difficult than Korean.
3. 어제보다 일찍 갈 거예요. [eo-je-bo-da il-jjik gal geo-ye-yo.]
= I’m going to go earlier than yesterday.
4. 현정 씨가 저보다 더 잘 해요. [hyeon-jeong ssi-ga jeo-bo-da deo jal hae-yo.]
= Hyeonjeong is better than me (at doing that).
5. 저는 책을 읽는 것보다 사는 것을 더 좋아해요. [ jeo-neun chae-geul il-neun geot-bo-da saneun geo-seul deo jo-a-hae-yo.]
= I like buying books more than reading books.