Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
After studying with this lesson, you will know how to say “if” in Korean. You will also be able to use it in context in your Korean sentences.
In order to express the meaning “if”, you need to know two expressions: one is a noun, and one is a verb ending.
1. 만약 [man-yak] = in case, if
2. -(으)면 [-(eu)myeon] = verb ending for “if”
In English, the word “if” is used at the beginning of a sentence to make the sentence conditional, but in Korean, you need to conjugate the verb as well. But don’t worry, conjugation verbs in this manner is very easy to do.
How to conjugate verbs:
In order to add the meaning “if” to a verb, you take the verb stem and add -(으)면 [-(eu)myeon] to the verb.
1. Verb stems ending with a vowel + -면
Ex) 자다 --> 자면 (if you sleep)
2. Verb stems ending with ㄹ + -면
Ex) 길다 --> 길면 (if it’s long)
3. Verb stems ending with consonants other than ㄹ + -으면
Ex) 작다 --> 작으면 (if it’s small)
If you want to make you sentence clearer, you add the word 만약 [man-yak] in front of the verb or at the beginning of the phrase. Since most Korean sentences are heavily affected by verb endings toward the end of sentences, adding 만약 at the beginning makes it easier to understand that you are making the sentence conditional and saying “if”.
Verb: 자다 = to sleep
지금 자면 = if I sleep now
만약 지금 자면 = if I sleep now
Verb: 비가 오다 = to rain
내일 밤에 비가 오면 = if it rains tomorrow night
만약 내일 밤에 비가 오면 = if it rains tomorrow night
** In the second sentences for both of the examples, the listener can figure out that the sentence is going to be an “if” sentence just by hearing “만약”.
If what you are saying is simple and the sentence is not very long, you don’t always have to use the word 만약 in each sentence.
A little more conjugation practice for you:
먹다 [meok-da] = to eat
먹으면 [meo-geu-myeon] = if you eat it; if I eat it
** You can add the -았/었/였 suffix before -으면 to make a past-tense clause.
먹었어요 [meo-geo-sseo-yo] = I ate
먹 + 었 + 으면 [meo-geo-sseu-myeon] = if you ate it; if I ate it
사다 [sa-da] = to buy
사면 [sa-myeon] = if you buy it; if I buy it; if they buy it
샀다 [sat-da] = I bought
샀으면 [sa-sseu-myeon] = if you bought it; if we bought it
** You can even make it into the future tense by using -(으)ㄹ 거면.
보다 [bo-da] = to watch
보면 [bo-myeon] = if you watch it; if I watch it
봤다 [bwat-da] = I watched
봤으면 [bwa-sseu-myeon] = if I watched it; if they watched it
볼 거예요 = I am going to watch
볼 거면 [bol geo-myeon] = if you are going to watch it
1. 내일 비가 오면, 집에 있을 거예요.
[nae-il bi-ga o-myeon, ji-be i-sseul geo-ye-yo.]
= If it rains tomorrow, I’m going to be at home.
2. 이거 다 먹으면, 배가 아플 거예요.
[i-geo da meo-geu-myeon, bae-ga a-peul geo-ye-yo.]
= If you eat all of it, your stomach will hurt.
3. 리모콘을 찾으면, TV를 볼 수 있어요.
[ri-mo-ko-neul cha-jeu-myeon, ti-vi-reul bol su i-sseo-yo.]
= If you find the remote control, you can watch TV.
4. TTMIK에서 공부하면, 재미있어요.
[ttmik-e-seo gong-bu-ha-myeon, jae-mi-i-sseo-yo.]
= If you study at TTMIK, it’s fun.
5. 지금 안 오면, 후회할 거예요.
[ ji-geum an o-myeon hu-hoe-hal geo-ye-yo.]
= If you don’t come now, you will regret it.
This is not everything.
This is one of the most basic ways of making “if” sentences in Korean. There are other expressions you can use, such as “if only you had done it, I would have ...”, but those will have to wait until we learn some other things first! In the meantime, enjoy practicing what you learned today!