Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson we are looking at how to tell someone to do something by using polite Korean. This is one of the most essential things to be able to say, even when you are just asking for a favor. In order to tell someone to do something, you add -(으)세요 [-(eu)se-yo] to the end of the verb stem. Verb stems ending with a consonant are followed by -으세요 and verb stems ending with a vowel or with the consonant “ㄹ” are followed by -세요.
시작하다 [si-ja-ka-da] = to begin, to start
시작하 + -세요 = 시작하세요 [si-ja-ka-se-yo] = Please begin.
오다 [o-da] = to come
오 + -세요 = 오세요 [o-se-yo] = Please come.
쉬다 [swi-da] = to rest
쉬 + -세요 = 쉬세요 [swi-se-yo] = Please get some rest.
고르다 [go-reu-da] = to choose, to pick
고르 + -세요 = 고르세요 [go-reu-se-yo] = Please choose.
접다 [jeop-tta] = to fold
접 + -으세요 = 접으세요 [ jeo-beu-se-yo] = Please fold it.
When a verb stem ends with the consonant ㄹ, you drop the ㄹ and add -세요.
팔다 [pal-da] = to sell
팔 --> 파 + 세요 = 파세요 [pa-se-yo] = Please sell it.
We are introducing this verb ending, -(으)세요, as a way to tell someone to do something, but this is one of the many variations where the honorific suffix -시 [-si] is used. Within -세요, the suffix -시is included, but for now, please just focus on this particular usage of asking someone to do something.
1. 내일 세 시에 오세요.
[nae-il se si-e o-se-yo.]
= Please come here at three o’clock tomorrow.
= Study! Do your studies!
3. 경은 씨, 빨리 일하세요.
[gyeong-eun ssi, ppal-li i-ra-se-yo.]
= 경은, hurry up and get some work done!
4. 경은 씨, 쉬세요.
[gyeong-eun ssi, swi-se-yo.]
= 경은, please get some rest.
5. 이거 저한테 파세요.
[i-geo, jeo-han-te pa-se-yo.]
= Please sell this to me.
= Be careful!
Some fixed expressions using -세요:
When you go into a store or a restaurant, the people who are working there will say to you,
1. 어서오세요. [eo-seo-o-se-yo]
= (lit. Come quickly) Welcome.
When someone is leaving, and you are staying, you say,
2. 안녕히 가세요. [an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo]
= (lit. Go peacefully) Good-bye.
If you are the one who’s leaving, and the other person is staying here, you say,
3. 안녕히 계세요. [an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo]
= (lit. Stay peacefully) Good-bye.
How to say “Good night.” in Korean:
4. 안녕히 주무세요. [an-nyeong-hi ju-mu-se-yo]
= (lit. Sleep peacefully) Good night.
Some words change their forms specifically for polite language, but we are going to introduce those words in our future lessons.