Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

Today we have a lesson about a new particle, which is -(으)로. This particle that we are introducing here, -(으)로, has a lot of usages and functions, so it’s virtually impossible to go over all of its usages, but through this lesson, we introduce the basic common feature of its various meaning and usages.

Through our previous lessons we have learned a few particles to use in Korean, and in this lesson, we are learning another one! Yay! Let’s look at the particle -(으)로 [-(eu)ro].


Construction:

Nouns ending with a consonant + -으로

Nouns ending in a vowel or the consonant “ㄹ” + -로


-(으)로 connects a noun and a verb very closely and can have various functions. -(으)로 can mark the ingredients that an object is made of, the cause of a disease or something that happened, the direction in  which someone is going, or the status or identity of a person that is doing something. Let’s look at some example below.


Examples:

1. 나무로 만들다 [na-mu-ro man-deul-da]

= 나무 (wood) + -로 + 만들다 (to make)

= to make (something) with wood

Someone made this table with wood. 

= 누가 이 테이블을 나무로 만들었어요.


2. 왼쪽으로 가다 [oen-jjo-geu-ro ga-da]

= 왼쪽 (left side) + -으로 + 가다 (to go)

= to go to the left

= to go through the left side


3. 이 길로 가다 [i gil-lo ga-da]

= 이 (this) 길 (street / road) + -로 + 가다 (to go)

= to go down this path

= to go down this road


4. 펜으로 쓰다 [pe-neu-ro sseu-da]

= 펜 (pen) + -으로 + 쓰다 (to write)

= to write with a pen


5. 한국어로 말하다 [han-gu-geo-ro ma-ra-da]

= 한국어 (Korean) + 로 + 말하다 (to speak / to talk)

= to speak in Korean


6. 치즈로 유명하다 [chi-jeu-ro yu-myeong-ha-da]

= 치즈 (cheese) + 로 + 유명하다 (to be famous)

= to be famous for cheese


7. 사고로 다치다 [sa-go-ro da-chi-da]

= 사고 (accident) + 로 + 다치다 (to get hurt)

= to get hurt in (from) an accident


By now, you may be able to identify a common factor in the various functions for 로 in all of the previous example sentences.  By using -(으)로, we know that something is used as a channel, as a tool, as a device, or a method. 


Sample sentences

1. 이거 뭐로 만들었어요?

[i-geo mwo-ro man-deu-reo-sseo-yo?]

= What did you make this with?

= What is this made of?


2. 오늘 택시로 왔어요?

[o-neul taek-si-ro wa-sseo-yo?]

= Did you come by taxi today?


3. 버스로 갈 거예요.

[beo-seu-ro gal geo-ye-yo.]

= I’m going to go by bus.


4. 저를 친구로 생각해요?

[ jeo-reul chin-gu-ro saeng-ga-kae-yo?]

= Do you think of me as a friend?


5. 2번 출구로 나오세요.

[i-beon chul-gu-ro na-o-se-yo.]

= Come out through exit number 2.


6. 저는 TalkToMeInKorean으로 한국어 공부해요.

[jeo-neun TalkToMeInKorean-eu-ro han-gu-geo gong-bu-hae-yo.]

= I study Korean through TalkToMeInKorean.

Today we have a lesson about a new particle, which is -(으)로. This particle that we are introducing here, -(으)로, has a lot of usages and functions, so it’s virtually impossible to go over all of its usages, but through this lesson, we introduce the basic common feature of its various meaning and usages.
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