Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

More, All / 더, 다

안녕하세요! Hi everyone! In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “more” and “all” in Korean. The Korean words for these are a bit similar in pronunciation, and their usages also share some common characteristics.

In this lesson, we are introducing how to say “all” in Korean.


- 다 [da] = all; entirely; whole


And we will also review how to say “more”.


- 더 [deo] = more


For many sentences where English speakers will use adjectives and nouns, Korean speakers use adverbs and verbs. This often becomes a challenge for translators and interpreters, but keeping this in mind will help you understand how to form more natural sentences in Korean.


Let’s look at how 다 [da] is used.


Examples:

1. 다 주세요. [da ju-se-yo.]

= Give me all of it.


2. 우유 다 주세요. [u-yu da ju-se-yo.]

= Give me all the milk.


3. 다 했어요. [da hae-sseo-yo.]

= I’ve done all of it.


4. 다 왔어요? [da wa-sseo-yo?]

= Are we there yet? (lit. Did we all come? / Did we come to all of it?)

= Did everyone come?


5. 다 살 거예요? [da sal geo-ye-yo?] 

= Are you going to buy all of it?


In some of the examples above, it looks as if the word 다 [da] is working as a noun, and it is, but it has a stronger influence on the verbs so you can actually think of 다 as an adverb.


커피를 마시다 [keo-pi-reul ma-si-da]

= to drink coffee


커피를 다 마시다 [keo-pi-reul da ma-si-da]

= to drink all the coffee


In the second sentence above, the English word “all” was used to describe “the coffee”, but in 

Korean, the word 다 was used to describe the action of drinking (마시다).


책을 읽다 [chae-geul ik-tta]

= to read a book


책을 다 읽다 [chae-geul da ik-tta]

= to read all of the book

= to finish reading the book


FAQ

Q: Then how do you say “all of the book” or “the entire book”, if the word 다 only modifies verbs?

A: You can use other words like 전체 [ jeon-che] or 전부 [ jeon-bu]. “The entire book” is 책 전체 or 책 전부, but this might not sound very natural when used out of proper context. In most cases, it’s better to use 다 [da].



Let’s look at how 더 [deo] is used.


Examples:

1. 더 주세요. [deo ju-se-yo.]

= Please give me more.


2. 더 있어요. [deo i-sseo-yo.]

= There is more.


3. 더 사고 싶어요. [deo sa-go si-peo-yo.]

= I want to buy more.


4. 옷 더 사고 싶어요. [ot deo sa-go si-peo-yo.]

= I want to buy more clothes.


5. 뭐가 더 좋아요? [mwo-ga deo jo-a-yo?]

= Which is better?


The same explanation for 다 applies to the word 더 as well, especially when modifying verbs. Although it looks as if 더 is used as a noun here,  it is not. When you say 더 사고 싶어요, the sentence is actually closer to saying “I want to do the “buying action” more”, rather than “I want to buy more of something.”


10분 기다려 주세요. [sip-bun gi-da-ryeo ju-se-yo.]

= Please wait for ten minutes.


10분 더 기다려 주세요. [sip-bun deo gi-da-ryeo ju-se-yo.]

= Please wait for ten more minutes.


In English, you say “ten more minutes” but in Korean, you literally say, “do the action of waiting for ten minutes + more”.

If you want to review how to compare two things using -보다 and 더, please check out Level 2 Lesson 21.


Sample sentences:

1. 전화 다 했어요? [jeon-hwa da hae-sseo-yo?]

= Did you finish talking on the phone?

= Did you make all the phone calls?

= Did everyone make a phone call?


2. 준비 다 했어요. [jun-bi da hae-sseo-yo.]

= I did all the preparation.

= I prepared everything.

= I finished the preparation.

= All of us are prepared.


3. 더 보여 주세요. [deo bo-yeo ju-se-yo.]

= Show me more.

= Show me more of it.


4. 더 공부하고 싶으면, TTMIK에 오세요. [deo gong-bu-ha-go si-peu-myeon, TTMIK-e o-seoyo.]

= If you want to study more, come to TTMIK.

= If you want to do more studying, come to TTMIK.

안녕하세요! Hi everyone! In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “more” and “all” in Korean. The Korean words for these are a bit similar in pronunciation, and their usages also share some common characteristics.
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