Level 2 Korean Grammar

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1

Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요

2

Object-marking Particles / -을, -를

3

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

4

And, with / -하고, -(이)랑

5

Days In A Week / 요일

6

But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데

7

“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서

8

Telling The Time

9

Counters / 개, 명

10

Present Progressive / -고 있어요

11

Self-introduction / 자기소개

12

What Is Today's Date? / 날짜

13

Too, Also / -도 (part 1)

14

Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)

15

Only / -만

16

Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀

17

Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다

18

To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다

19

Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것

20

Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다

21

More.. than... / -보다 더

22

To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다

23

If, In case / 만약, -(으)면

24

Still, Already / 아직, 벌써

25

Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가

26

Imperative / -(으)세요

27

Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요

28

Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로

29

More, All / 더, 다

30

Don’t do it. / -지 마세요

31

Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean

And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서

Like many languages in the world, there are many conjuctions in the Korean language. In this lesson we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서. 그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” and “and then”, depending on the context. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”.

After two previous lessons that introduced rather heavy topics (future tense and object marking particles), we would like to introduce something very easy to learn yet very useful to know. Like many languages in the world, there are many conjunctions in the Korean language, and in this lesson, we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서.


1. 그리고 [geu-ri-go]

그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” or “and then”, depending on the context. 그리고 is used both for linking nouns and phrases, but in colloquial situations, 그리고 is more commonly used for linking phrases.


Examples (linking nouns)

- 커피, 빵, 그리고 물 [keo-pi, ppang, geu-ri-go mul] = coffee, bread and water

- 서울 그리고 부산 [seo-ul geu-ri-go ] = Seoul and Busan 

- 런던 그리고 파리 [leon-deon geu-ri-go pa-ri] = London and Paris

- 미국 그리고 호주 [mi-guk geu-ri-go ho-ju] = United States and Australia

- 독일 그리고 필리핀 [do-gil geu-ri-go pil-li-pin] = Germany and the Philippines


Examples (linking phrases)

(1) 친구를 만났어요. [chin-gu-reul man-na-sseo-yo]

- 친구 = friend

- 를 = object marking particle

- 만나다 = to meet

- 만났어요 = past tense of 만나다


(2) 밥을 먹었어요. [ba-beul meo-geo-sseo-yo]

- 밥 = rice, meal

- 을 = object marking particle

- 먹다 = to eat

- 먹었어요 = past tense of 먹다


(1) and (2) = 친구를 만났어요 and 밥을 먹었어요.

= 친구를 만났어요. 그리고 밥을 먹었어요.


2. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo]

그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”, and just like in English, you 

can use this word between two sentences to show a logical relation between the two or more 

sentences.


Examples

(1) 오늘은 비가 왔어요. [o-neu-reun bi-ga wa-sseo-yo]

- 오늘 = today

- 비가 오다 = to rain

- 비가 왔어요 = past tense of 비가 오다


(2) 집에 있었어요. [ ji-be i-sseo-sseo-yo]

- 집 = house, home

- 있다 = to be

- 있었어요 = past tense of 있다


(1) + (2) = 오늘은 비가 왔어요. therefore 집에 있었어요. 

 = 오늘은 비가 왔어요. 그래서 집에 있었어요.


More sample sentences:

1. 김치는 맛있어요. 그리고 한국 음식이에요.

   [gim-chi-neun ma-si-sseo-yo. geu-ri-go han-guk eum-si-gi-e-yo]

= Kimchi is delicious. And it is Korean food.


- 김치 = Kimchi

- 맛있다 = to be delicious

- 한국 음식 = Korean food


2. 저는 학생이에요. 그리고 프랑스어를 공부해요.

   [ jeo-neun hak-saeng-i-e-yo. geu-ri-go peu-rang-seu-eo-reul gong-bu-hae-yo]

= I am a student. And I am studying French.


- 저 = I (humble)

- 학생 = student

- 프랑스어 = French (language)

- 공부하다 = to study


3. 저는 학생이에요. 그래서 돈이 없어요.

   [ jeo-neun hak-saeng-i-e-yo. geu-rae-seo do-ni eop-seo-yo]

= I am a student. So I don’t have money.


- 돈 = money

- 없다 = to not be, to not exist


4. 김치는 맛있어요. 그래서 김치를 많이 먹어요.

   [gim-chi-neun ma-si-sseo-yo. geu-rae-seo gim-chi-reul ma-ni meo-geo-yo]

= Kimchi is delicious. So I eat a lot of Kimchi.


- 많이 = a lot in quantity or frequency

- 먹다 = to eat


5. 저는 한국인이에요. 그래서 김치를 많이 먹어요.

   [jeo-neun han-gu-gi-ni-e-yo. geu-rae-seo gim-chi-reul ma-ni meo-geo-yo.]

= I’m Korean. So I eat a lot of Kimchi.


- 한국인 = Korean


6. 저는 김치를 많이 먹어요. 그래서 튼튼해요.

   [jeo-neun gim-chi-reul ma-ni meo-geo-yo. geu-rae-seo teun-teun-hae-yo.]

= I eat a lot of Kimchi. Therefore I’m strong.


- 튼튼하다 = to be strong

Like many languages in the world, there are many conjuctions in the Korean language. In this lesson we are introducing two of them: 그리고 and 그래서. 그리고 [geu-ri-go] has the meaning of “and” and “and then”, depending on the context. 그래서 [geu-rae-seo] has the meaning of “therefore” and “so”.
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