Future Tense / -ㄹ/을 거예요, 할 거예요
Object-marking Particles / -을, -를
And, and then, therefore, so / 그리고, 그래서
And, with / -하고, -(이)랑
Days In A Week / 요일
But, However / 그렇지만, 그런데
“To” someone, “From” someone / 한테, 한테서
Telling The Time
Counters / 개, 명
Present Progressive / -고 있어요
Self-introduction / 자기소개
What Is Today's Date? / 날짜
Too, Also / -도 (part 1)
Too, Also / -도 / (part 2)
Only / -만
Very, A bit, Really, Not really, Not at all / 아주, 조금, 진짜, 별로, 전혀
Can, Cannot / -ㄹ 수 있다/없다
To be good/poor at ... / 잘하다/못하다
Making Verbs Into Nouns / -는 것
Have to, Should, Must / -아/어/여야 되다/하다
More.. than... / -보다 더
To like / 좋다 vs 좋아하다
If, In case / 만약, -(으)면
Still, Already / 아직, 벌써
Something, Someday, Someone, Somewhere / 누군가, 무언가, 어딘가, 언젠가
Imperative / -(으)세요
Please do it for me. / -아/어/여 주세요
Particles For Method, Way / -(으)로
More, All / 더, 다
Don’t do it. / -지 마세요
Test Your Korean – Level 2 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson, let us learn how to say “to someone” and “from someone”. Before you learn these expressions, please remember that when it comes to particles that link words together, there aren’t always direct (and correct) translations between English and Korean. It is important to understand the characteristics and roles of these particles and words, rather than just memorizing the similar counterparts in English.
To say “to someone” or “from someone”, you can use the words 한테 [han-te] and 한테서 [han-te-seo]. There are words that have the same characteristics, 에게 [e-ge] and 에게서 [e-ge-seo], but since 에게 and 에게서 are mainly used in written language, let us focus on 한테 and 한테서 in this lesson.
한테 [han-te] = “to” someone, “from” someone
한테서 [han-te-seo] = “from” someone
Notice the difference?
Yes, just like you are thinking now, 한테 and 한테서 have mixed meanings and functions, especially 한테, which can mean “to” and “from”. The meaning can only be completely understood by examining the context of the sentence.
Although 한테 and 한테서 have the meaning of “to” or “from”, you can only use them about people or animals. You can not use these words about objects or places.
- “to a friend” = friend + 한테 ( ㅇ )
- “to Seoul” = Seoul + 한테 ( X )
저한테 [ jeo-han-te] = to me, from me
친구한테 [chin-gu-han-te] = to a friend, from a friend
누구한테 [nu-gu-han-te] = to whom, from whom
저한테서 [ jeo-han-te-seo] = from me
친구한테서 [chin-gu-han-te-seo] = from a friend
누구한테서 [nu-gu-han-te-seo] = from whom
** When used with a verb that already expresses passive voice, 한테 can also mean “by”.
For example, 맞다 [mat-da] generally means “to be correct”, but in another sentence, it can mean “to be beaten” or “to be hit”. Therefore, A한테 맞다 can be translated to English as “to be beaten by A”.
Sample sentences by our friends
경미: 남자친구한테 차였어요.
= I was dumped by my boyfriend.
남자친구 [nam-ja-chin-gu] = boyfriend
차이다 [cha-i-da] = to be dumped
규환: 너한테서 풍기는 암내가 진국이에요.
[neo-han-te-seo pung-gi-neun am-nae-ga jin-gu-gi-e-yo.]
= Your armpit smell is terrible.
풍기다 [pung-gi-da] = to give off an odor
암내 [am-nae] = the smell of armpits; underarm odor
진국이다 [ jin-guk-i-da] = to be very strong; to be very hardcore
규환: 저한테 암내 나요?
[ jeo-han-te-seo am-nae-na-yo?]
= Do I have a strong armpit smell?
나다 [na-da] = to give off an odor
란: 그건 전 남자친구한테서 받은 거예요.
[geu-geon jeon nam-ja-chin-gu-han-te-seo ba-deun geo-ye-yo.]
= That one? I received it from my ex-boyfriend.
전 남자친구 [ jeon nam-ja-chin-gu] = ex-boyfriend
받다 [bat-da] = to receive
란: 그 남자한테 얻을 건 별로 없을 거예요.
[geu nam-ja-han-te eo-deul geon byeol-lo eop-seul geo-ye-yo.]
= You won’t be getting much out of him.
얻다 [eot-da] = to obtain; to acquire; to get
별로 [byeol-lo] = not so much; not much
석진: 너한테 할 말이 있어.
[neo-han-te hal ma-ri i-sseo.]
= I have something to say to you.