Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

Before -ing / -기 전에

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “before doing something” or “before you do something” in Korean. The basic expression you need to learn first is “전에” which means “before”.

In this lesson, we are going to learn how to say “before -ing” in Korean. As with many Korean expressions and prepositions, the order is the opposite from English. In English, the word “before” goes before the clause or the word, but in Korean, it goes after.


The key syllable here is 전 [jeon]. The Chinese character for 전 is 前 and it means “before,” “front,” or “earlier”. To this noun, you add the particle -에 [-e] to make it a preposition.


전에 [jeo-ne] = before (+ noun)


수업 전에 [su-eop jeo-ne] = before class

일요일 전에 [i-ryo-il jeo-ne] = before Sunday

1시 전에 [han-si jeo-ne] = before 1 o’clock


Since 전에 is used after nouns, in order to use it with verbs such as “going” or “leaving”, you need to change the verbs into nouns.


In our previous lesson, to use verbs before 같다[gat-da], we changed the verbs into the -ㄴ 것[-n geot] form. In this case, however, you need to change verbs into the -기[-gi] form, the first of the verbal noun forms that we learned in one of our previous lessons.


가다[ga-da] --> 가기[ga-gi] (going)

사다[sa-da] --> 사기[sa-gi] (buying)

먹다[meok-da] --> 먹기[meok-gi] (eating)

+ 전에

--> 가기 전에 = before going

--> 사기 전에 = before buying 

--> 먹기 전에 = before eating


Ex)

집에 가다[ji-be ga-da] = to go home

--> 집에 가기 전에

= before going home; before you go home


공부하다[gong-bu-ha-da] = to study

--> 공부하기 전에 

= before studying; before you study


돈을 내다[do-neul nae-da] = to pay money

--> 돈을 내기 전에

= before paying money; before you pay money


Sample sentences

1. 여기 오기 전에 뭐 했어요?

[yeo-gi o-gi jeo-ne mwo hae-sseo-yo?]

= What were you doing before you came here?


2. 집에 가기 전에 술 마실 거예요.

[ji-be ga-gi jeo-ne sul ma-sil geo-ye-yo.]

= I’m going to drink before I go home.

** 집에 가다 = to go back home


3. 들어오기 전에 노크하세요. 

[deu-reo-o-gi jeo-ne no-keu-ha-se-yo.]

= Knock before you come in.

** 들어오다 = to come in


4. 사기 전에 잘 생각하세요.

[sa-gi jeo-ne jal saeng-ga-ka-se-yo.]

= Think well before you buy it.

** 사다 = to buy


5. 도망가기 전에 잡으세요.

[do-mang-ga-gi jeo-ne ja-beu-se-yo.]

= Catch him before he runs away.

** 도망가다 = to run away

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “before doing something” or “before you do something” in Korean. The basic expression you need to learn first is “전에” which means “before”.
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