Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

After -ing / 다음에

In this lesson, we introduce how to say “after -ing” or “after you do something” in Korean. In order to say this, you need to use the structure -(으)ㄴ 다음에, -(으)ㄴ 후에, or -(으)ㄴ 뒤에. Find out how to use these expressions in natural context and and listen to more sample sentences by listening to the audio lesson.

There are a few different ways to say “after -ing” in Korean. Through this lesson, we will introduce the three most common ways to say it. These three expressions all share a common structure:


-(으)ㄴ + 다음에

-(으)ㄴ + 후에

-(으)ㄴ + 뒤에


These three all mean “after -ing”. Let’s look at the key nouns


다음 [da-eum] = next time; next

(i.e. 다음 주 = next week)


후 [hu] = after

(i.e. 오후 = afternoon)


뒤 [dwi] = behind; back

(i.e. 등 뒤 = behind the back)


Using any one of these three words, you can make the structure which means “after -ing”. The meaning doesn’t change depending on the noun part, so these expressions are interchangeable.


Verb stem + -(으)ㄴ + 다음(or 후/뒤)에 = after -ing

If you remember from our lessons where we introduced how to conjugate verbs so that they can come before nouns to modify them, the “-(으)ㄴ” makes the verb past tense. Since the “-(으)ㄴ” part indicates that the action has been done, it is already in the past tense form. Before “-(으)ㄴ”, you put the verb stem.


Ex)

편지를 받다 [pyeon-ji-reul bat-da] = to receive a letter

편지를 받은 다음에 [pyeon-ji-reul ba-deun da-eu-me] = after receiving a letter

편지를 받은 후에 [pyeon-ji-reul ba-deun hu-e] = after receiving a letter

편지를 받은 뒤에 [pyeon-ji-reul ba-deun dwi-e] = after receiving a letter


집에 가다 [ji-be ga-da] = to go home

집에 간 다음에 [ji-be gan da-eu-me] = after going home

집에 간 후에 [ji-be gan hu-e] = after going home

집에 간 뒤에 [ji-be gan dwi-e] = after going home


책을 읽다 [chae-geul ik-da] = to read a book

책을 읽은 다음에 [chae-geul il-geun da-eu-me] = after reading a book

책을 읽은 후에 [chae-geul il-geun hu-e] = after reading a book

책을 읽은 뒤에 [chae-geul il-geun dwi-e] = after reading a book


Sample sentences

1. 영화 본 다음에 우리 커피 마셔요.

[yeong-hwa bon da-eu-me u-ri keo-pi ma-syeo-yo.]

= After watching the movie, let’s drink coffee.


2. 점심을 먹은 다음에, 도서관에 갔어요.

[jeom-si-meul meo-geun da-eu-me, do-seo-gwa-ne ga-sseo-yo.]

= After having lunch, I went to the library.


3. 이거 한 다음에 뭐 할 거예요?

[i-geo han da-eu-me mwo hal geo-ye-yo?]

= After doing this, what are you going to do?


4. 그거요? 이거 한 뒤에 할게요.

[geu-geo-yo? i-geo han dwi-e hal-ge-yo.]

= That one? I’ll do it after I do this.


5. 결정한 후에 연락 주세요.

[gyeol-jeong-han hu-e yeol-lak ju-se-yo.]

= Contact me after you decide.

In this lesson, we introduce how to say “after -ing” or “after you do something” in Korean. In order to say this, you need to use the structure -(으)ㄴ 다음에, -(으)ㄴ 후에, or -(으)ㄴ 뒤에. Find out how to use these expressions in natural context and and listen to more sample sentences by listening to the audio lesson.
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