Too much, Very / 너무
Linking Verbs with -고
In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?
Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도
Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요
Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서
To look like, To seem like / 같아요
To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요
Before -ing / -기 전에
ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
But still, Nevertheless / 그래도
Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사
Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼
Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)
In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서
Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형
After -ing / 다음에
Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도
Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데
Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요
Word Builder 1 / 학(學)
르 irregular / 르 불규칙
Verb Ending / -네요
ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙
Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말
“Let’s” in casual language / 반말
ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
Word Builder 2 / 실(室)
Test Your Korean
It’s time to start looking at more ways to make compound sentences in Korean. You will eventually want to make more complex and longer sentences when speaking as opposed to just speaking in simple sentences.
One way to accomplish this is by making compound nouns, which are also known as “noun phrases” or “nominal phrases.” Of course there are many different ways to make compound nouns depending on what you want to say, but in this lesson, we are looking at how the verb ending -고 [-go] is used.
So what exactly does -고 do? Do you remember the conjunction, 그리고 [geu-ri-go]? Yes, 그리고 means “and” or “and then” in Korean, and when you use -고 after a verb stem, it has the same meaning as 그리고. By using the verb ending -고 instead of ending the sentence with just one verb and then starting the next one with 그리고, you can save a lot of time and make your sentence structure more practical.
이 책은 재미있어요. 그리고 이 책은 싸요.
[i chae-geun jae-mi-i-sseo-yo. geu-ri-go i chae-geun ssa-yo.]
= This book is interesting. And this book is cheap.
Since you are talking about the same subject in the second sentence, you can just omit “이 책은.”
▶ 이 책은 재미있어요. 그리고 싸요.
= This book is interesting. And (it’s) cheap.
You can make this even shorter and combine the two sentences together by saying:
▶ 이 책은 재미있고 싸요.
[i chae-geun jae-mi-it-go ssa-yo.]
= This book is interesting and cheap.
Verb stem + -고 + another verb
Ex) 이 책은 재미있고, 싸고, 좋아요.
[i chae-geun jae-mi-it-go, ssa-go, jo-a-yo.]
= This book is interesting, cheap, and good.
** When you make a compound sentence in English using the conjunction “and” to connect smaller sentences, you need to make the tenses of the verbs agree. However, in Korean, that’s
not absolutely necessary, and sometimes it sounds unnatural to try to use the same tenses for every verb, especially the future tense and the past tense. Most native Korean speakers just use the past tense or the future tense in only the final verb.
Past tense example:
어제 친구를 만났어요.
[eo-je chin-gu-reul man-na-sseo-yo.]
= I met a friend yesterday.
그리고 영화를 봤어요.
[geu-ri-go yeong-hwa-reul bwa-sseo-yo.]
= And I saw a movie.
Let’s put the two sentences above together.
어제 친구를 만났어요. 그리고 영화를 봤어요.
▶ 어제 친구를 만났고, 영화를 봤어요.
[eo-je chin-gu-reul man-nat-go, yeong-hwa-reul bwa-sseo-yo.]
= I met a friend yesterday and saw a movie.
However, you can also say “어제 친구를 만나고, 영화를 봤어요” with the part “만나고” in the present tense.
Future tense example:
내일 영화를 볼 거예요.
[nae-il yeong-hwa-reul bol geo-ye-yo.]
= I will watch a movie tomorrow.
서점에 갈 거예요.
[seo-jeo-me gal geo-ye-yo.]
= I will go to a bookstore.
Let’s put them together.
내일 영화를 볼 거예요. 그리고 서점에 갈 거예요.
▶ 내일 영화를 볼 거고, 서점에 갈 거예요.
[nae-il yeong-hwa-reul bol geo-go, seo-jeo-me gal geo-ye-yo.]
= Tomorrow, I will watch a movie, and go to a bookstore.
You can also just say “내일 영화를 보고, 서점에 갈 거예요.”
Since 그리고 (or in this case, -고) has the meaning of “and after that” or “and then,” using -고 is a good way of talking about things that happened or will happen in a sequence.
1. 내일은 친구 만나고, 서점에 갈 거예요.
[nae-i-reun chin-gu man-na-go, seo-jeo-me gal geo-ye-yo.]
= As for tomorrow, I’m going to meet a friend and go to a bookstore.
2. 책 읽고, 공부하고, 운동했어요.
[chaek il-kko, gong-bu-ha-go, un-dong-hae-sseo-yo.]
= I read a book, studied, and did some exercise.
3. 9월에는 한국에 가고, 10월에는 일본에 갈 거예요.
[gu-wo-re-neun han-gu-ge ga-go, si-wo-re-neun il-bo-ne gal geo-ye-yo.]
= I will go to Korea in September, and I will go to Japan in October.
4. 커피 마시고, 도너츠 먹고, 케익 먹고, 우유 마셨어요. 배불러요.
[keo-pi ma-si-go, do-neo-cheu meok-go, ke-ik meok-go, u-yu ma-syeo-sseo-yo. bae-bul-leo-yo.]
= I drank some coffee, ate a donut, ate some cake, and drank some milk. I’m full.