Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

In this lesson we are looking at how “-는데” works in Korean. This is a verb ending that has a very wide variety of meanings, so this lesson is a little bit more lengthy than our other lessons. But we can promise you that if you listen through this lesson, you will learn a lot and your Korean sentences will become much more natural!

In this lesson, we are introducing a verb ending that has a very versatile meaning. Let’s look at the basic structures first. They are all very similar and all end with -데, but the words that come right before “데” change a bit.


1. -는데 is used after action verbs, after 있다 and 없다, and after -았 or -겠.

2. -은데 is used after descriptive verbs that have a last consonant in the verb stem, except for the consonant ㄹ.

3. -ㄴ데 is used after descriptive verbs that end in a vowel or the consonant ㄹ(in this case, ㄹ is dropped), and after 이다 and 아니다.


Ex)

1. 하다 [ha-da] --> 하는데 [ha-neun-de]

2. 있다 [it-da] --> 있는데 [it-neun-de]

3. 먹다 [meok-da] --> 먹는데 [meok-neun-de]

4. 작다 [jak-da] --> 작은데 [ja-geun-de]

5. 좁다 [jop-da] → 좁은데 [jo-beun-de]

6. 예쁘다 [ye-ppeu-da] --> 예쁜데 [ye-ppeun-de]

7. 멀다 [meol-da] → 먼데 [meon-de]


Usages

The usages of this ending is very diverse.


1. Explaining the background or the situation before making a suggestion, a request, or a question.


Ex)

내일 일요일인데, 뭐 할 거예요?

[nae-il i-ryo-i-rin-de, mwo hal geo-ye-yo?]

= It’s Sunday tomorrow + (-ㄴ데) + what are you going to do?


2. Explaining the situation before explaining what happened.


Ex)

어제 자고 있었는데, 한국에서 전화가 왔어요.

[eo-je ja-go i-sseot-neun-de, han-gu-ge-seo jeo-nwa-ga wa-sseo-yo.]

= I was sleeping yesterday + (-는데) + I got a phone call from Korea.


3. Showing a result or situation that is contrasted from the previous action or situation.


Ex)

아직 9시인데 벌써 졸려요.

[a-jik a-hop-si-in-de beol-sseo jol-lyeo-yo.]

= It’s still 9 o’clock but I am already sleepy.


The second part (after -는데) can be omitted when the meaning can be easily implied.


Ex)

준비 많이 했는데(요)...

[jun-bi ma-ni haet-neun-de(-yo)...]

= I prepared a lot, but...


4. Showing surprise or exclamation.


Ex)

멋있는데(요)!

[meo-sit-neun-de(-yo)!]

= Oh, that’s cool!


5. Asking a question (expecting some explanation about a situation or behavior.)


Ex)

지금 어디에 있는데(요)?

[ji-geum eo-di-e it-neun-de(-yo)?]

= So where are you now?


6. Expecting an answer or a response.


Ex)

지금(요)? 지금 바쁜데(요).

[ji-geum(-yo)? ji-geum ba-ppeun-de(-yo).]

= Now? I’m busy now, so...


Sample sentences

1. 내일 친구 생일인데, 선물을 아직 못 샀어요.

[nae-il chin-gu saeng-i-rin-de, seon-mu-reul a-jik mot sa-sseo-yo.]

= It’s my friend’s birthday tomorrow, but I haven’t been able to buy a present.


2. 이거 일본에서 샀는데, 선물이에요.

[i-geo il-bo-ne-seo sat-neun-de, seon-mu-ri-e-yo.]

= I bought this in Japan, and it’s a present for you.


3. 오늘 뉴스에서 봤는데, 그거 진짜예요?

[o-neul nyu-seu-e-seo bwat-neun-de, geu-geo jin-jja-ye-yo?]

= I saw it in the news today. Is that for real?


4. 이거 좋은데요!

[i-geo jo-eun-de-yo!]

= I like this! / This is good!


5. 어? 여기 있었는데.

[eo? yeo-gi i-sseot-neun-de]

= Huh? It was here...


6. 영화 재미있었는데, 무서웠어요.

[yeong-hwa jae-mi-i-sseot-neun-de, mu-seo-wo-sseo-yo.]

= The movie was interesting, but it was scary.


7. 영화 봤는데, 무서웠어요.

[yeong-hwa bwat-neun-de, mu-seo-weo-sseo-yo.]

= I saw a movie, and it was scary.


8. 저 지금 학생인데, 일도 하고 있어요.

[jeo ji-geum hak-saeng-in-de, il-do ha-go i-sseo-yo.]

= I am a student now, but I’m working too.

In this lesson we are looking at how “-는데” works in Korean. This is a verb ending that has a very wide variety of meanings, so this lesson is a little bit more lengthy than our other lessons. But we can promise you that if you listen through this lesson, you will learn a lot and your Korean sentences will become much more natural!
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