Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

Welcome to the very first lesson in the Word Builder series. The Word Builder series will be a part of the regular lessons. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Welcome to the 1st Word Builder lesson of TalkToMeInKorean! Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to more efficiently expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. Many (not all) of the words in the World Builder lessons are based on Chinese characters, otherwise known as 한자 [han-ja], but the meanings of the words can be different from modern-day Chinese characters. You don’t have to worry about memorizing the Hanja characters themselves (but if you want to, feel free!) because your goal for these lessons should be to just understand how words are formed and remember the Korean keyword. 


Today’s keyword is 학.

The Chinese character for this word is 學.


The word 학 is related to “learning,” “studying,” and “school.”


학 + 생(person, member, participant) = 학생 (學生)  [hak-saeng] = student 

학 + 교(school) = 학교 (學校) [hak-gyo] = school 

학 + 원(house; garden) = 학원 (學院) [ha-gwon] = private institute


수 (numbers) + 학 = 수학 (數學) [su-hak] = mathematics

과 (subject; class; species) + 학 = 과학 (科學) [gwa-hak] = science

어 (word) + 학 = 어학 (語學) [eo-hak] = language learning

언어 (word+word) + 학 = 언어학 (言語學) [eo-neo-hak] = linguistics

경제 (economy) + 학 = 경제학 (經濟學) [gyeong-je-hak] = economics


학 + 자(person) = 학자 (學者) [hak-ja] = scholar 


유 (to stay) + 학 = 유학 (留學) [yu-hak] = studying abroad; staying abroad to study 

유학 (studying abroad) + 생 = 유학생 (留學生) [yu-hak-saeng] = student studying abroad

전 (to roll, to move) + 학 = 전학 (轉學) [jeo-nak] = to change schools

전학 (to change schools) + 생 = 전학생 (轉學生) [jeo-nak-saeng] = student who moved to another school


학 + 년 (year) = 학년 (學年) [hang-nyeon] = school year

학 + 기 (period) = 학기 (學期) [hak-gi] = semester

방 (to release, to let go) + 학 = 방학 (放學) [bang-hak] = school vacation


장 (recommending) + 학 + 금 (money) = 장학금 (奬學金) [jang-hak-geum] = scholarship

장 + 학 + 생 = 장학생 (奬學生) [jang-hak-saeng] = student on scholarship


복 (return) + 학 + 생 = 복학생 (復學生) [bo-kak-saeng] 

= student who has returned to school (usually) after a long break 


학 + 습 (acquire) = 학습 (學習) [hak-seup] = (formal) learning, studies 

한국어 학습韓國語 學習 [han-gu-geo hak-seup] = (formal) Korean learning


독 (alone) + 학 = 독학 (獨學) [do-kak] = self-study, studying by oneself

Welcome to the very first lesson in the Word Builder series. The Word Builder series will be a part of the regular lessons. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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