Too much, Very / 너무
Linking Verbs with -고
In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?
Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도
Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요
Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서
To look like, To seem like / 같아요
To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요
Before -ing / -기 전에
ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
But still, Nevertheless / 그래도
Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사
Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼
Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)
In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서
Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형
After -ing / 다음에
Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도
Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데
Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요
Word Builder 1 / 학(學)
르 irregular / 르 불규칙
Verb Ending / -네요
ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙
Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말
“Let’s” in casual language / 반말
ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
Word Builder 2 / 실(室)
Test Your Korean
Welcome to another lesson on irregularities. Yay! We are looking at “르”-irregular in this lesson, so let’s get started!
르-irregular is applied only to the following three occasions:
Verb stems ending with -르 followed by
In these cases, 르 is changed to ㄹ and placed at the end of the previous vowel, then you add ONE MORE ㄹ before adding the verb ending.
Even if the verb stem ends with -르 [reu], if it is then followed by other endings such as -아/어/여고, -는데, etc., -르 will still stay the same.
고르다 [go-reu-da] = to choose; to pick; to select
--> 골라요. [gol-la-yo] = I pick.
--> 골라서 [gol-la-seo] = I pick and then; because I pick
--> 골랐어요. [gol-la-sseo-yo] = I picked.
모르다 [mo-reu-da] = to not know
→ 몰라요. [mol-la-yo] = I don’t know.
→ 몰라서 [mol-la-seo] = because I don’t know
→ 몰랐어요. [mol-la-sseo-yo] = I didn’t know.
빠르다 [ppa-reu-da] = to be fast
→ 빨라요. [ppal-la-yo] = It is fast.
→ 빨라서 [ppal-la-seo] = because it is fast
→ 빨랐어요. [ppal-la-sseo-yo] = It was fast.
자르다 [ja-reu-da] = to cut
→ 잘라요. [jal-la-yo] = I cut.
→ 잘라서 [jal-la-seo] = I cut and then; because I cut
→ 잘랐어요. [jal-la-sseo-yo] = I cut.
기르다 [gi-reu-da] = to grow, to raise
→ 길러요. [gil-leo-yo] = I grow.
→ 길러서 [gil-leo-seo] = I grow and then; because I grow
→ 길렀어요. [gil-leo-sseo-yo] = I grew.
1. 뭐 골랐어요?
= What did you choose?
2. 저도 몰라요.
= I don’t know, either.
3. 비행기는 빨라서 좋아요.
[bi-haeng-gi-neun ppal-la-seo jo-a-yo.]
= Planes are good because they are fast. / I like airplanes because they are fast.
4. 누가 케이크 잘랐어요?
[nu-ga ke-i-keu jal-la-sseo-yo?]
= Who cut the cake?
5. 토끼를 5년 동안 길렀어요.
[to-kki-reul o-nyeon dong-an gil-leo-sseo-yo.]
= I had a rabbit as a pet for five years. / I raised a rabbit for five years.