Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

We have another lesson on irregular verb conjugations in Korean today! Today we are talking about the 르 irregular, which you can find in verbs like 모르다 (to not know), 고르다 (to pick), etc. This is one of the “easier” irregularities in Korean.

Welcome to another lesson on irregularities. Yay! We are looking at “르”-irregular in this lesson, so let’s get started!


르-irregular is applied only to the following three occasions:


Verb stems ending with -르 followed by

+ -아/어/여요 

+ -아/어/여서

+ -았/었/였어요 


In these cases, 르 is changed to ㄹ and placed at the end of the previous vowel, then  you add ONE MORE ㄹ before adding the verb ending.  


Even if the verb stem ends with -르 [reu], if it is then followed by other endings such as -아/어/여고, -는데, etc., -르 will still stay the same.


Ex)

고르다 [go-reu-da] = to choose; to pick; to select

--> 골라요. [gol-la-yo] = I pick.

--> 골라서 [gol-la-seo] = I pick and then; because I pick

--> 골랐어요. [gol-la-sseo-yo] = I picked.


모르다 [mo-reu-da] = to not know

→ 몰라요. [mol-la-yo] = I don’t know.

→ 몰라서 [mol-la-seo] = because I don’t know

→ 몰랐어요. [mol-la-sseo-yo] = I didn’t know.


빠르다 [ppa-reu-da] = to be fast

→ 빨라요. [ppal-la-yo] = It is fast.

→ 빨라서 [ppal-la-seo] = because it is fast

→ 빨랐어요. [ppal-la-sseo-yo] = It was fast.


자르다 [ja-reu-da] = to cut

→ 잘라요. [jal-la-yo] = I cut.

→ 잘라서 [jal-la-seo] = I cut and then; because I cut

→ 잘랐어요. [jal-la-sseo-yo] = I cut.


기르다 [gi-reu-da] = to grow, to raise

→ 길러요. [gil-leo-yo] = I grow.

→ 길러서 [gil-leo-seo] = I grow and then; because I grow

→ 길렀어요. [gil-leo-sseo-yo] = I grew.


Sample Sentences

1. 뭐 골랐어요?

[mwo gol-la-sseo-yo?]

= What did you choose?


2. 저도 몰라요.

[jeo-do mol-la-yo.]

= I don’t know, either.


3. 비행기는 빨라서 좋아요.

[bi-haeng-gi-neun ppal-la-seo jo-a-yo.]

= Planes are good because they are fast. / I like airplanes because they are fast.


4. 누가 케이크 잘랐어요?

[nu-ga ke-i-keu jal-la-sseo-yo?]

= Who cut the cake?


5. 토끼를 5년 동안 길렀어요.

[to-kki-reul o-nyeon dong-an gil-leo-sseo-yo.]

= I had a rabbit as a pet for five years. / I raised a rabbit for five years. 



We have another lesson on irregular verb conjugations in Korean today! Today we are talking about the 르 irregular, which you can find in verbs like 모르다 (to not know), 고르다 (to pick), etc. This is one of the “easier” irregularities in Korean.
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