Level 3 Korean Grammar

Unable to find Content type

0 / 31 Lessons
1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

안녕하세요, 여러분! In this lesson, we are talking about the “ㅅ” irregular. If you feel like there are many irregular rules in Korean, don’t worry! This is the 4th and last irregular rule. Have fun!

Now that you’ve learned about irregularities with 르, as well as some instances when ㅂ and ㄷ are the 받침 of a verb stem, let’s add ㅅ-irregular to your growing knowledge of Korean!


When ㅅ is the 받침 of a verb stem and it is followed by a vowel, the ㅅ is dropped. 


Ex) 

낫다 [nat-da] = to heal; to recover; to be better (in comparison)

낫 + 아요 (present tense) --> 나아요 [na-a-yo]

= It’s better. 

= Please feel better.


젓다 [jeot-da] = to stir (liquid)

젓 + 어요 (present tense) --> 저어요 [jeo-eo-yo]

= I stir. 

= Please stir it.


잇다 [it-da] = to connect; to link

잇 + 었어요(past tense) = 이었어요 [i-eo-sseo-yo]

= I connected. 

= I linked.


짓다 [jit-da] = to build; to compose

짓 + 었어요 (past tense) = 지었어요 [ji-eo-sseo-yo]

= I built it. 

= I composed it.


Sample sentences

1. 잘 저으세요.

[jal jeo-eu-se-yo.]

= Stir it well.


2. 두 개를 이었어요.

[du gae-reul i-eo-sseo-yo.]

= I connected the two (objects).

 

3. 이 집을 누가 지었어요?

[i ji-beul nu-ga ji-eo-sseo-yo?]

= Who built this house?


4. 좋은 이름을 지을 거예요.

[jo-eun i-reu-meul ji-eul geo-ye-yo.]

= I’m going to create a good name.


5. 감기 다 나았어요?

[gam-gi da na-a-sseo-yo?]

= Did you recover (completely) from the cold?


Exceptions

There are some verb stems in which the “ㅅ” 받침 is regular, meaning that the ㅅ is not dropped and it stays the same. 


Ex)

1. 웃다 [ut-da] = to smile; to laugh

 웃어요. [u-seo-yo.] = Smile. / I smile. / He laughs. / They laugh.


2. 씻다 [ssit-da] = to wash

씻을 거예요. [ssi-seul geo-ye-yo.] = I’m going to wash up. / I’m going to wash it.


3. 벗다 [beot-da] = to take (clothes) off

 신발을 벗어 주세요. [sin-ba-reul beo-seo ju-se-yo.] = Please take your shoes off.

안녕하세요, 여러분! In this lesson, we are talking about the “ㅅ” irregular. If you feel like there are many irregular rules in Korean, don’t worry! This is the 4th and last irregular rule. Have fun!
Comments
주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
Version: TTMIK v1.3.63-production