Too much, Very / 너무
Linking Verbs with -고
In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?
Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도
Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요
Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서
To look like, To seem like / 같아요
To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요
Before -ing / -기 전에
ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
But still, Nevertheless / 그래도
Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사
Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼
Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)
In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서
Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형
After -ing / 다음에
Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도
Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데
Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요
Word Builder 1 / 학(學)
르 irregular / 르 불규칙
Verb Ending / -네요
ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙
Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말
“Let’s” in casual language / 반말
ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
Word Builder 2 / 실(室)
Test Your Korean
Now that you’ve learned about irregularities with 르, as well as some instances when ㅂ and ㄷ are the 받침 of a verb stem, let’s add ㅅ-irregular to your growing knowledge of Korean!
When ㅅ is the 받침 of a verb stem and it is followed by a vowel, the ㅅ is dropped.
낫다 [nat-da] = to heal; to recover; to be better (in comparison)
낫 + 아요 (present tense) --> 나아요 [na-a-yo]
= It’s better.
= Please feel better.
젓다 [jeot-da] = to stir (liquid)
젓 + 어요 (present tense) --> 저어요 [jeo-eo-yo]
= I stir.
= Please stir it.
잇다 [it-da] = to connect; to link
잇 + 었어요(past tense) = 이었어요 [i-eo-sseo-yo]
= I connected.
= I linked.
짓다 [jit-da] = to build; to compose
짓 + 었어요 (past tense) = 지었어요 [ji-eo-sseo-yo]
= I built it.
= I composed it.
1. 잘 저으세요.
= Stir it well.
2. 두 개를 이었어요.
[du gae-reul i-eo-sseo-yo.]
= I connected the two (objects).
3. 이 집을 누가 지었어요?
[i ji-beul nu-ga ji-eo-sseo-yo?]
= Who built this house?
4. 좋은 이름을 지을 거예요.
[jo-eun i-reu-meul ji-eul geo-ye-yo.]
= I’m going to create a good name.
5. 감기 다 나았어요?
[gam-gi da na-a-sseo-yo?]
= Did you recover (completely) from the cold?
There are some verb stems in which the “ㅅ” 받침 is regular, meaning that the ㅅ is not dropped and it stays the same.
1. 웃다 [ut-da] = to smile; to laugh
웃어요. [u-seo-yo.] = Smile. / I smile. / He laughs. / They laugh.
2. 씻다 [ssit-da] = to wash
씻을 거예요. [ssi-seul geo-ye-yo.] = I’m going to wash up. / I’m going to wash it.
3. 벗다 [beot-da] = to take (clothes) off
신발을 벗어 주세요. [sin-ba-reul beo-seo ju-se-yo.] = Please take your shoes off.