Too much, Very / 너무
Linking Verbs with -고
In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?
Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도
Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요
Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서
To look like, To seem like / 같아요
To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요
Before -ing / -기 전에
ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
But still, Nevertheless / 그래도
Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사
Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼
Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)
In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서
Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형
After -ing / 다음에
Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도
Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데
Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요
Word Builder 1 / 학(學)
르 irregular / 르 불규칙
Verb Ending / -네요
ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙
Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말
“Let’s” in casual language / 반말
ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
Word Builder 2 / 실(室)
Test Your Korean
The sentence structure in this lesson is really convenient. Not only can you use -(으)ㄹ까요 [-(eu)l-kka-yo] to ask someone a question like “do you want to do this with me?”, but you can also use it say “I wonder what the weather will be like tomorrow” or “will it be expensive to go to Korea?” As you can see, in English, you have to use many different words and expressions to say these sentences, but thanks to -(으)ㄹ까요, you can say these things and much more in Korean very easily!
- Asking oneself a question or showing doubt about something
“I wonder what is in this bag?”
“Will he be alright?”
“Will it be hot tomorrow?”
“What will she say?”
- Raising a question and attracting attention of others
“Why did this happen? What do you think, everyone?”
“What do you think life is?”
- Suggesting doing something together
“What shall we do now?”
“Shall we go to the movies?”
“Do you want me to help you?”
Q: How do you know which of these meanings it takes?
A: It’s fairly clear and easy to see which meaning it takes when you look at the context.
1. Verb stems ending with a consonant + -을까요?[-eul-kka-yo?]
- 먹다[meok-da] (to eat) becomes 먹을까요?[meo-geul-kka-yo?]]
2. Verb stems ending with a vowel + -ㄹ까요?[-l-kka-yo?]
- 보다[bo-da] (to see) becomes 볼까요?[bol-kka-yo?]
3. (Exception) Verb stems ending with ㄹ + -까요? [l + -kka-yo?]
- 팔다[pal-da] (to sell) becomes 팔까요?[pal-kka-yo?]
시작하다[si-ja-ka-da] (to start) becomes 시작할까요?[si-ja-kal-kka-yo?]
공부하다[gong-bu-ha-da] (to study) becomes 공부할까요?[gong-bu-hal-kka-yo?]
달리다[dal-li-da] (to run) becomes 달릴까요?[dal-lil-kka-yo?]
놀다[nol-da] (to play) becomes 놀까요?[nol-kka-yo?]
살다[sal-da] (to live) becomes 살까요?[sal-kka-yo?]
Let us clarify the core of this sentence ending. By using -ㄹ까요? or -을까요?, you are basically showing your curiosity or uncertainty. For example, in usage #1, when you are asking yourself a question and showing doubt about something, you don’t know what is in that bag, so you say “저 가방 안에 뭐가 있을까요?(=I wonder what is in that bag.)” instead of saying “뭐가 있어요?(What is in that bag?)”. You are not directly asking someone, but you are just expressing. You are just showing your curiosity.
Even when you are suggesting to do something together with someone, you can say this because you are not sure. Like, you don’t want to see a movie with your friend, but you are not really sure, so you are asking him or her. “영화 볼까요?” You are just showing your curiosity about whether that will happen or not. So, you are suggesting to him or her. You are inviting him or her to the movies.
So, basically the bottom line is you express your curiosity or uncertainty you want to know, and the usages are divided into, on the surface, three levels.
1. 내일 비가 올까요?
[nae-il bi-ga ol-kka-yo?]
= Do you think it will rain tomorrow?
= I wonder if it will rain tomorrow.
= Will it rain tomorrow? What do you think?
(It CANNOT mean “shall we...” because “shall we ... rain tomorrow?” does not make sense.)
2. 내일 우리 영화 볼까요?
[nae-il u-ri yeong-hwa bol-kka-yo?]
= Shall we see a movie tomorrow?
= Do you want to see a movie together tomorrow?
(It CANNOT mean “I wonder if...” because “do you assume that we will see a movie tomorrow?”
generally doesn’t make sense.)
3. 이 사람은 누구일까요?
[i sa-ra-meun nu-gu-il-kka-yo?]
= Who do you think this person is?
= Who is this person, I wonder?
= I wonder who this person is.
4. 커피 마실까요? 맥주 마실까요?
[keo-pi ma-sil-kka-yo? maek-ju ma-sil-kka-yo?]
= Shall we drink coffee? Shall we drink beer?
= Do you want to drink coffee or beer?
Construction for the past tense
You can add the past tense suffix -았/었/였 right after the verb stem and before -(으)ㄹ까요 to make an assumption about a past event. Since this is in the past tense, it can ONLY be used for expressing doubt or curiosity.
= Do you think she did it yesterday?
= Who do you think called?
어제 Taliana가 한국에 왔을까요?
[eo-je Taliana-ga han-gu-ge wa-sseul-kka-yo?]
= Do you think Taliana came to Korea yesterday?