Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “about” “approximately” or “around” something. The words we introduce in this lesson are 쯤, 정도 and 약.

In this lesson, we look at how to say “approximately” or “about” when you talk about quantity, frequency, time, etc. There are many different ways you can say this in Korean, but the most commonly used expression is 쯤 [jjeum].


In English, “about,” “approximately,” and “around” are used BEFORE nouns. However, in Korean, the word 쯤 is used AFTER nouns.


Ex)

1 o’clock = 한 시 [han si]

Around 1 o’clock = 한 시쯤 [han si-jjeum]


1,000 won = 천 원 [cheon won]

About 1,000 won =  천 원쯤 [cheon won-jjeum]


One month = 한 달 [han dal]

Approximately one month = 한 달쯤 [han dal-jjeum]


4 kilometers = 4킬로미터 [sa kil-lo-mi-teo]

About 4 kilometers = 4킬로미터쯤 [sa kil-lo-mi-teo jjeum]



Similar expressions 

Similar words: 정도 [jeong-do], 약 [yak]

Just like 쯤, 정도  is used after nouns, whereas 약 is used BEFORE nouns.

 

한 달 [han dal] = one month

한 달쯤 [han dal-jjeum] = about a month

한 달 정도 [han dal jeong-do] = about a month

약 한 달 [yak han dal] = about a month


* Note that 정도 has a space before it and 쯤 does not. Sometimes people also use 약 and 쯤 

together or 약 and 정도 together.


약 한 달쯤 [yak han dal-jjeum] = about a month

약 한 달 정도 [yak han dal jeong-do] = about a month


Sample sentences

1. 100명쯤 왔어요.

[baek-myeong-jjeum wa-sseo-yo.]

= About 100 people came.


2. 독일에서 2년쯤 살았어요.

[do-gi-re-seo i-nyeon-jjeum sa-ra-sseo-yo.]

= I lived in Germany for about two years.


3. 언제쯤 갈 거예요?

[eon-je-jjeum gal geo-ye-yo?]

= Approximately when are you going to go?


4. 내일 몇 시쯤 만날까요?

[nae-il myeot si-jjeum man-nal-kka-yo?]

= Around what time shall we meet tomorrow?


5. 다섯 시쯤 어때요?

[da-seot si-jjeum eo-ttae-yo?]

= How about around five o’clock?

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “about” “approximately” or “around” something. The words we introduce in this lesson are 쯤, 정도 and 약.
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