Level 3 Korean Grammar

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1

Too much, Very / 너무

2

Linking Verbs with -고

3

In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에

4

Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?

5

Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도

6

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

7

Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서

8

To look like, To seem like / 같아요

9

To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요

10

Before -ing / -기 전에

11

ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙

12

But still, Nevertheless / 그래도

13

Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사

14

Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사

15

Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼

16

Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)

17

In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서

18

Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형

19

After -ing / 다음에

20

Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도

21

Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데

22

Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요

23

Word Builder 1 / 학(學)

24

르 irregular / 르 불규칙

25

Verb Ending / -네요

26

ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙

27

Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말

28

“Let’s” in casual language / 반말

29

ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙

30

Word Builder 2 / 실(室)

31

Test Your Korean

Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are looking at one more way of talking about the future. In addition to -(ㅇ)ㄹ 거예요, which we already introduced in Level 2 Lesson 1, there is another form that you will often here in everyday spoken Korean, which is -(으)ㄹ게요.

Through our previous lessons, we have learned how to use the future tense. In this lesson, we are introducing one more way of talking about a future action and looking at how the two ways of talking about the future are different.


-(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs. -(으)ㄹ게요


If you pronounce -(으)ㄹ 거예요 [-(eu)l geo-ye-yo] very quickly, it sounds similar to -(으)ㄹ게요 [-(eu)l-ge-yo]. Many beginner-level, and even advanced learners, mix up these two endings often, but these two sentence endings for the future are used for two distinctively different purposes.


Let’s look at -(으)ㄹ 거예요 first.

-(으)ㄹ 거예요 is the most basic way to express a future plan or action. You attach to the end of a verb stem.


하다 [ha-da] = to do

하 + -ㄹ 거예요 = 할 거예요 [hal geo-ye-yo] = I will do ______. / I am going to do ______.


보내다 [bo-nae-da] = to send

보내 + -ㄹ 거예요 = 보낼 거예요 [bo-nael geo-ye-yo] = I will send ______. / I am going to send ______.


웃다 [ut-da] = to laugh

웃 + -을 거예요 = 웃을 거예요 [u-seul geo-ye-yo] = I will laugh. 


With -(으)ㄹ 거예요, you are simply expressing your intention or plan for a future action, or your expectation for a future state. This is NOT related to or affected by the reaction or the request of the person you’re talking to. For example, if someone asked you about your plans for the weekend, you would say “친구들 만날 거예요” [chin-gu-deul man-nal geo-ye-yo] (“I’m going to meet my friends”) because you are planning to meet your friends no matter what the person who asked you says.


Now let’s look at -(으)ㄹ게요.

-(ㅇ) ㄹ게요 is also attached to the end of a verb stem and also expresses the future, but it focuses more on your actions or decisions AS A REACTION TO or AS A RESULT OF what the other person says or thinks.


Let’s compare the two forms:

1.

할 거예요 vs. 할게요


공부할 거예요.

[gong-bu-hal geo-ye-yo.]

= I’m going to study.

= I will study.


**Here, regardless of what the other person is saying, you were ALREADY planning to study so 

you will, and you are not changing your mind at all, not matter what the other person says.


Ex) 

방해하지 마세요. 공부할 거예요. [bang-hae-ha-ji ma-se-yo. gong-bu-hal geo-ye-yo.]

= Don’t disturb me. I will study.


공부할게요.

[gong-bu-hal-ge-yo.]

= I will study.

= (If you say so,) I will study.

= (Since the circumstances are like this,) I will study.

= (If you don’t mind,) I will study.


**Here, the other person says something to you, and it makes you think “Oh, in that case, I have to study.” However, you could just say it before the other person says anything, but after you say this, you wait for the other person’s reaction to see if they have anything to say.


Ex)

알았어요. 공부할게요. [a-ra-sseo-yo. gong-bu-hal-ge-yo.]

= (After assessing the atmosphere) Okay. I will study.


2.

갈 거예요 vs. 갈게요


저도 갈 거예요.

[jeo-do gal geo-ye-yo.]

= I will go (there), too.

= I’m going to go, too.

= I’m coming along, as well.


저도 갈게요.

[jeo-do gal-ge-yo.]

= I will come along, too(,if you don’t mind).

= (In that case,) I will go there, too.

= (OK, since you say so,) I will go, too.


So in summary, you use -(으)ㄹ게요 (instead of -(으)ㄹ 거예요) when:

1. you are changing your plan according to what the other person said.

2. you want to check what the other person thinks by saying something and seeing their reaction.

3. you decide to do something because of something the other person said.


Sample Sentences

1. 지금 어디예요? 지금 나갈게요.

[ji-geum eo-di-ye-yo? ji-geum na-gal-ge-yo.]

= Where are you now? I will go out now.

(+ if you don’t mind/if you want me to/unless you don’t want me to/what do you think about that?)

** Here, if you say “지금 나갈 거예요,” it means that regardless of where the other person is, you were already going to go out anyway, probably to an unrelated place.


2. 저 갈게요. 안녕히 계세요.

[jeo gal-ge-yo. an-nyeong-hi gye-se-yo.]

= I’m going to go. Take care.

(+ unless you want me to stay longer/unless there’s something I have to stay longer to do)

** Here, if you say “저 갈 거예요,” it means you don’t care whether the other person wants you to stay or not, you will just leave anyway. In most cases, you don’t want the other person to ask you to stay, and you won’t even if you are asked to.


3. 그래요? 다시 할게요.

[geu-rae-yo? da-si hal-ge-yo.]

= Is that so? I’ll do it again.

** Here, if you say “다시 할거예요,” it means you were already aware of the problem and that you were going to do it again anyway.


4. 내일 4시쯤에 갈게요. 괜찮아요?

[nae-il ne-si-jjeu-me gal-ge-yo. gwaen-cha-na-yo?]

= I’ll be there at around 4 o’clock tomorrow. Is that alright?

** This implies that you want the other person to let you know what he or she thinks about you going to the place at 4 o’clock. If you don’t care what the other person thinks or if going at 4 o’clock will affect the other person schedule or not, you can say “내일 4시쯤에 갈 거예요.” [nae-il ne-si-jjeu-me gal-geo-ye-yo.]

안녕하세요! In this lesson, we are looking at one more way of talking about the future. In addition to -(ㅇ)ㄹ 거예요, which we already introduced in Level 2 Lesson 1, there is another form that you will often here in everyday spoken Korean, which is -(으)ㄹ게요.
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