Too much, Very / 너무
Linking Verbs with -고
In front of, Behind, On top of, Under, Next to / 앞에, 옆에, 위에, 밑에, 뒤에
Shall we? / I wonder / -(으)ㄹ까요?
Approximately, About / 쯤, 약, 정도
Future Tenses / -(으)ㄹ 거예요 vs -(으)ㄹ게요
Linking Verbs With -아/어/여서
To look like, To seem like / 같아요
To seem like, To look like (with verbs) / -ㄴ 것 같아요
Before -ing / -기 전에
ㅂ irregular / ㅂ 불규칙
But still, Nevertheless / 그래도
Making Adjectives / Descriptive Verbs + -ㄴ 명사
Making Adjectives / Action Verbs + -는/(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ + 명사
Well then, In that case, If so / 그러면, 그럼
Let’s / -아/어/여요 (청유형)
In order to, For the sake of / 위하다, 위해, 위해서
Nothing but, Only / 밖에 + 부정형
After -ing / 다음에
Even if, Even though / -아/어/여도
Linking Verbs with -는데 / noun + -인데, adjective + -ㄴ데
Maybe I might… / -(으)ㄹ 수도 있어요
Word Builder 1 / 학(學)
르 irregular / 르 불규칙
Verb Ending / -네요
ㄷ irregular / ㄷ 불규칙
Politeness Levels / 반말 and 존댓말
“Let’s” in casual language / 반말
ㅅ irregular / ㅅ 불규칙
Word Builder 2 / 실(室)
Test Your Korean
In this lesson, we are going to look at how to say that something is similar to/like or looks similar to/like something else. (i.e. “You are like an angel,” “This looks like coffee,” or “You are like my teacher.”)
First, let’s look at how to say that something is similar to something else.
비슷하다 [bi-seu-ta-da] = to be similar
- Present tense: 비슷해요 [bi-seu-tae-yo] = it is similar
In order to say “A is similar to B,” you need to use a particle that means “with” or “together
with.” Do you remember which particle that is? It’s -랑 or -하고. (Go back to Level 2 Lesson 4 to review!)
A랑 비슷해요. [A-rang bi-seu-tae-yo.] = It’s similar to A.
B하고 비슷해요. [B-ha-go bi-seu-tae-yo.] = It’s similar to B.
도쿄는 서울하고 비슷해요? [do-kyo-neun seo-u-ra-go bi-seu-tae-yo?] = Is Tokyo similar to Seoul?
참외는 멜론하고 비슷해요. [cha-moe-neun mel-lo-na-go bi-seu-tae-yo.] = 참외 (a type of fruit) is similar to melon.
Now, let’s look at the word for “to be the same” in Korean.
같다 [gat-da] = to be the same
- Present tense: 같아요 [ga-ta-yo] = it’s the same, they are the same
In English, when you want to say that A is the same as B, you use the word “as”, but in Korean, we still use -랑 or -하고.
A랑 같아요. [A-rang ga-ta-yo.] = It’s the same as A.
A하고 B는 같아요. [A-ha-go B-neun ga-ta-yo.] = A and B are the same.
이거랑 이거랑 같아요? [i-geo-rang i-geo-rang ga-ta-yo?] = Is this the same as this?/ Are these two things the same?
우리는 나이가 같아요. [u-ri-neun na-i-ga ga-ta-yo.] = We have the same age. (lit. “For us, the
age is the same.”)
Now you know how to use -랑/-하고 비슷하다 and -랑/-하고 같다 to express that something is similar to or the same as something else in Korean!
However, if you use the word 같다 [gat-da], which means “to be the same,” without the particle -랑 or -하고, it has a different meaning.
Noun + 같다 = to be like + Noun / to look like + Noun / to seem to be + Noun
커피 같아요. [keo-pi ga-ta-yo] = It’s like coffee. / It seems to be coffee. / It looks like coffee.
거짓말 같아요. [geo-jit-mal ga-ta-yo] = It seems to be a lie. / It sounds like a lie.
로봇 같아요. [ro-bot ga-ta-yo] = It’s like a robot. / It seems to be a robot. / It looks like a robot.
1. 저 사람은 로봇 같아요. [jeo sa-ra-meun ro-bot ga-ta-yo.]
= That person is like a robot.
2. 경은 씨는 천사 같아요. [gyeong-eun ssi-neun cheon-sa ga-ta-yo.]
= Kyeong-eun is like an angel.
3. 현우 씨는 천재 같아요. [hyeo-nu ssi-neun cheon-jae ga-ta-yo.]
= Hyunwoo seems to be a genius.
4. 그 이야기는 거짓말 같아요. [geu i-ya-gi-neun geo-jit-mal ga-ta-yo.]
= That story sounds like a lie.
5. 이 강아지는 고양이 같아요. [i gang-a-ji-neun go-yang-i ga-ta-yo.]
= This puppy is like a cat.
In this lesson, we looked at how to use 같아요 with nouns only, but in the next lesson, we’ll build upon your knowledge and learn how to use 같아요 with verbs and say many more things!