Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

안녕하세요! Welcome to Level 4! In this lesson, we look at how to say “the more [A], the more [B]” in Korean. The key expression/verb ending we will be using is “을수록”.

In this lesson, let’s look at how to say “the more [A] the more [B]” in Korean.

It is expressed through the verb ending -을수록, and the latter “the more [B]” part is expressed through another verb.


Conjugation  

- Verb stem + -을수록

* Verb stems ending in a vowel are followed by -ㄹ수록.

** Verb stems ending with ㄹ are followed by -수록.


Ex)

살다 → 살수록 = the more you live, the more ...

가다 --> 갈수록 = the more you go, the more ...

예쁘다 --> 예쁠수록 = the prettier it is, the more ...

비싸다 --> 비쌀수록 = the more expensive it is, the more ...

이상하다 --> 이상할수록 = the stranger it is, the more ...

바쁘다 --> 바쁠수록 = the busier you are, the more ...


Usages

1.

맛있다 = 맛있 + -을수록 = 맛있을수록


Ex) 맛있을수록 잘 팔려요. 

= The more delicious it is, the better it sells.


2.

바쁘다 = 바쁘 + -ㄹ수록 = 바쁠수록


Ex) 바쁠수록 건강이 중요해요.

= The busier you are, the more important your health is.

 

3.

사람이 많다 = 사람이 많 + -을수록 = 사람이 많을수록


Ex) 사람이 많을수록 좋아요.

= The more people, the better.



** Note

Although -을수록 basically translates to  “the more [A], the more [B],” the meaning can change depending on the context of the conversation. -을수록 can also express the meaning of:

1) “Even more so, especially when …”

2) “Especially if …” or ”even more ...”

3) “Particularly when …”


Ex)

바쁠수록 잠을 많이 자야 돼요.

= (lit.) The busier you are, the more you need to sleep.

= You need to sleep even more, especially when you are busy.


학생일수록 책을 많이 읽어야 돼요.

= You need to read a lot of books, even more so if you are a student. 



Using -을수록 with -(으)면

Using -을수록 on its own is already enough, but sometimes the speaker wants to emphasize his/her point a little better. This can be achieved by using the same verb stem that would be used with -을수록 and attaching it to -(으)면. 


바쁠수록 = 바쁘면 바쁠수록

좋을수록 = 좋으면 좋을수록


Ex)

The more, the better.

= 많을수록 좋아요.

= 많으면 많을수록 좋아요.


The cheaper it is, the more of it you can buy. 

= 쌀수록 많이 살 수 있어요.

= 싸면 쌀수록 많이 살 수 있어요.



Set expression

The expression “갈수록” comes from 가다 + -을수록, and literally means “the more you go.” However, it is used as more of a set expression that means “more and more so in time” or “as time goes by.”


갈수록 추워요.

= It keeps getting colder.


사브린 씨는 갈수록 한국어를 잘해요.

= Sabrin keeps getting better at her Korean.



Sample sentences

1. 친구는 많을수록 좋아요.

= (When it comes to friends,) The more friends you have, the better.

= 친구는 많으면 많을수록 좋아요.


2. 비쌀수록 잘 팔려요.

= The more expensive it is, the better it sells.

= 비싸면 비쌀수록 잘 팔려요.


3. 재미있는 사람일수록 좋아요.

= The more interesting a person (s/he) is, the better.


4. 재미있는 사람일수록 인기가 많아요.

= The more interesting a person is, the more popular s/he is.

= If you are an interesting person, it’s more likely that you are popular.

안녕하세요! Welcome to Level 4! In this lesson, we look at how to say “the more [A], the more [B]” in Korean. The key expression/verb ending we will be using is “을수록”.
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