The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson, let’s look at how to say “the more [A] the more [B]” in Korean.
It is expressed through the verb ending -을수록, and the latter “the more [B]” part is expressed through another verb.
- Verb stem + -을수록
* Verb stems ending in a vowel are followed by -ㄹ수록.
** Verb stems ending with ㄹ are followed by -수록.
살다 → 살수록 = the more you live, the more ...
가다 --> 갈수록 = the more you go, the more ...
예쁘다 --> 예쁠수록 = the prettier it is, the more ...
비싸다 --> 비쌀수록 = the more expensive it is, the more ...
이상하다 --> 이상할수록 = the stranger it is, the more ...
바쁘다 --> 바쁠수록 = the busier you are, the more ...
맛있다 = 맛있 + -을수록 = 맛있을수록
Ex) 맛있을수록 잘 팔려요.
= The more delicious it is, the better it sells.
바쁘다 = 바쁘 + -ㄹ수록 = 바쁠수록
Ex) 바쁠수록 건강이 중요해요.
= The busier you are, the more important your health is.
사람이 많다 = 사람이 많 + -을수록 = 사람이 많을수록
Ex) 사람이 많을수록 좋아요.
= The more people, the better.
Although -을수록 basically translates to “the more [A], the more [B],” the meaning can change depending on the context of the conversation. -을수록 can also express the meaning of:
1) “Even more so, especially when …”
2) “Especially if …” or ”even more ...”
3) “Particularly when …”
바쁠수록 잠을 많이 자야 돼요.
= (lit.) The busier you are, the more you need to sleep.
= You need to sleep even more, especially when you are busy.
학생일수록 책을 많이 읽어야 돼요.
= You need to read a lot of books, even more so if you are a student.
Using -을수록 with -(으)면
Using -을수록 on its own is already enough, but sometimes the speaker wants to emphasize his/her point a little better. This can be achieved by using the same verb stem that would be used with -을수록 and attaching it to -(으)면.
바쁠수록 = 바쁘면 바쁠수록
좋을수록 = 좋으면 좋을수록
The more, the better.
= 많을수록 좋아요.
= 많으면 많을수록 좋아요.
The cheaper it is, the more of it you can buy.
= 쌀수록 많이 살 수 있어요.
= 싸면 쌀수록 많이 살 수 있어요.
The expression “갈수록” comes from 가다 + -을수록, and literally means “the more you go.” However, it is used as more of a set expression that means “more and more so in time” or “as time goes by.”
= It keeps getting colder.
사브린 씨는 갈수록 한국어를 잘해요.
= Sabrin keeps getting better at her Korean.
1. 친구는 많을수록 좋아요.
= (When it comes to friends,) The more friends you have, the better.
= 친구는 많으면 많을수록 좋아요.
2. 비쌀수록 잘 팔려요.
= The more expensive it is, the better it sells.
= 비싸면 비쌀수록 잘 팔려요.
3. 재미있는 사람일수록 좋아요.
= The more interesting a person (s/he) is, the better.
4. 재미있는 사람일수록 인기가 많아요.
= The more interesting a person is, the more popular s/he is.
= If you are an interesting person, it’s more likely that you are popular.