The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
To say “anyone,” “anything,” or “anywhere” in Korean, the word that you need to remember is 아무.
아무 basically means “any” in a positive context, and it HAS TO be used along with other nouns, no exceptions. When it is used in a negative context, it means “no” + noun.
Sample expressions (positive sentences)
For positive sentences, you add -나 at the end of the word.
1. 아무나 = anybody; doesn’t matter who; anyone
Ex) 아무나 올 수 있어요. = Anyone can come.
2. 아무거나 = anything; doesn’t matter what
Ex) 아무거나 주세요. = Just give me anything.
(아무거나 comes from 아무 + 것이나. 것 means “thing.”)
3. 아무데나 = anywhere; any place
Ex) 아무데나 좋아요. = Any place is good.
(Originally, 데 means “place” or “spot.”)
Sample expressions (negative sentences)
For negative sentences, you add -도 at the end of the word.
1. 아무도 = nobody; not anybody
Ex) 아무도 없어요? = Nobody’s here?
2. 아무것도 = nothing; not anything
Ex) 아무것도 만지지 마세요. = Don’t touch anything.
Ex) 아무것도 몰라요. = I don’t know anything.
3. 아무데도 = nowhere; not any place
Ex) 아무데도 안 갈 거예요. = I’m not going anywhere.
How to say “not just anything/anyone/anywhere”
If what you want to imply is “be careful when you make a choice” when you are saying things like “Don’t hang out with just anyone,” “Don’t buy just anything (without enough consideration),” or “Don’t eat at just any place.”, you can use the expressions “아무나,” “아무거나,” or “아무데나” in a negative sentence.
- 아무나 올 수 없어요. = Not everyone can come.
- 아무도 올 수 없어요. = Nobody can come.
- 아무거나 먹으면 안 돼요. = You shouldn’t eat just anything.
- 아무것도 먹으면 안 돼요. = You shouldn’t eat anything at all.
- 아무데나 가고 싶지 않아요. = I don’t want to go just anywhere.
- 아무데도 가고 싶지 않아요. = I don’t want to go anywhere.
There are more expressions using 아무, such as 아무때나 for “anytime” and 아무한테나 for “to anybody,” but we will touch on those in a future lesson.