Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “to try doing” something in Korean. The structure that you can use to say this in Korean is -아/어/여 보다. The original meaning of “보다” is, as you know, “to see”.

The sentence structure verb stem + -아/어/여 보다 is used to:

1. tell someone to try or attempt something;

2. ask if someone has ever done or tried something; 

3. make a command sound less demanding. 


If you break it down, the structure -아/어/여 보다 is composed of two parts: -아/어/여 and 보다. -아/어/여 is the basic suffix that you use after verb stems, and 보다 means “to see.” The literal translation of -아/어/여 보다 is “to do something and see (what happens).” 


This structure really does not have a specific meaning and is used simply to make your sentences more natural. However, the most common translation of -아/어/여 보다 is “to try doing something.”


Conjugation

- Verb stem + -아/어/여 보다


Ex) 

1)

쓰다 = to use

--> 쓰 + -어 보다 = 써 보다 = to try using something

이거 써 봤어요? = Have you tried using this? / Have you used this before?


2)

들어가다 = to enter, to go in

--> 들어가 + -아 보다 = 들어가 보다 = to try going in

들어가 볼까요? = Shall we try going in (and see what it’s like)? / Shall we attempt to go in?


3)

하다 = to do

--> 하 + -여 보다 = 해 보다 = to try doing something

이거 해 보고 싶어요. = I want to try doing this. / I want to give it a try.


Fixed expressions and verbs containing -아/어/여 보다

Since -아/어/여 보다 is an extremely commonly used structure, some verbs are more commonly used in the -아/어/여 보다 structure than others, and some other verbs are actually already in the form of -아/어/여 보다. In that case, since -아/어/여 보다 is already part of the verbs, the space between -아/어/여 and 보다 is not necessary.


1. 물어보다 vs 물어 보다

- 물어보다 = to ask; to try asking

- 물어 보다 (x)


2. 알아보다 vs 알아 보다

- 알아보다 = to look into something; to recognize

- 알아 보다 (x)


3. 지켜보다 vs 지켜 보다

- 지켜보다 = to keep a watchful eye on someone/something

- 지켜 보다 (x)


Sample sentences

1. 이거 먹어 봐요.

= Try eating this. / Try some of this.


2. 저도 거기 안 가 봤어요.

= I haven’t been there yet, either. / I haven’t tried going there, either.


3. 제가 먼저 해 볼게요.

= I will try doing it first. / I will give it a try first.


4. 누구한테 물어볼까요?

= Whom shall I ask?


5. 제가 알아볼게요.

= I’ll look into it.

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “to try doing” something in Korean. The structure that you can use to say this in Korean is -아/어/여 보다. The original meaning of “보다” is, as you know, “to see”.
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