Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Let’s start building some Korean words based on the word 불, which is written as 不 in Hanja. 


부/불 (不) means “not” in English.


Sample expressions

불 (not) + 안 (comfortable; relaxed) = 불안 (不安) = anxiety; anxious

Ex) 불안해하지 마세요. = Don’t be anxious.


불 (not) + 편 (comfortable; convenient) = 불편(不便) = inconvenient; uncomfortable

Ex) 불편해요. = It’s inconvenient. / It’s uncomfortable.


불 (not) + 완전 (complete) = 불완전 (不完全) = incomplete

Ex) 불완전한 정보 = incomplete information


불 (not) + 균형 (balance) = 불균형不均衡 = imbalance

Ex) 성비 불균형 = gender ratio imbalance


불 (not) + 만 (full) = 불만不滿 = complaint

Ex) 저한테 불만 있어요? = Do you have any complaints against me?


不 (불) is pronounced and written as 부 when the consonant that follows is either ㄷ or ㅈ, though there are a few exceptions. 


Sample expressions

부 (not) + 정확 (correct) = 부정확不正確 = incorrect; inaccurate

Ex) 부정확한 발음 = inaccurate pronunciation


부 (not) + 주의 (attention) = 부주의不注意 = carelessness

Ex) 제 부주의로 사고가 났어요. = I was careless, so it caused an accident. / My carelessness caused an accident.


부 (not) + 당 (correct, right) = 부당不當 = wrong; unfair; unjust 

Ex) 부당한 일을 당했어요. = I was done something unfair to. / Someone did something unfair to me.


부 (not) + 적절 (proper) = 부적절不適切 = inappropriate

Ex) 부적절한 예문 = inappropriate example sentence


When 부 is understood as “副,” it means “assistant,” “deputy,” or “vice” as in “vice president.”

Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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