Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

So far we have looked at various grammar points in Korean, and now we feel that it is the right time to touch upon spacing rules in Korean. In English, different words are basically all written separately, but in Korean, there are some cases in which words are written without space between them.

When writing in Korean, in order to avoid unclear and confusing sentences, it’s important to understand the use of spacing.


Spacing rules in Korean

Spacing (띄어쓰기) in Korean is similar to, but still very different from, English. In terms of words, independent words can be written separately (with a space between two words), but there are some cases in which you should NOT have a space between two words.


There should be a space between:

1. an adjective and a noun

Ex) 

예쁜 강아지 = a pretty puppy

부지런한 사람 = a hardworking person


2. an adverb and a verb

Ex) 

조용히 걷다 = to walk quietly

빨리 말하다 = to speak fast


3. a noun (+ marker) and a verb

Ex) 

이거(를) 샀어요. = I bought this.

그것(을) 만들었어요. = I made it.


4. a noun and another noun

Ex) 

한국 여행 = trip to Korea

지갑 가격 = the cost of a wallet


5. before a noun


There is no space between:

1. a noun/pronoun and a marker

Ex) 

저 + 는 = 저는 = I + subject marker

저 + 를 = 저를 = I + object marker


2. nouns in a proper name (if they choose their name to be in that format)

Ex) 

한국관광공사 = Korea Tourism Organization 

서울도시철도공사 = Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit


Exceptions:

1. Words that form fixed expressions can be written together without space.

- 이 + 것 = 이 것 --> 이것 

**People started putting these two words together because they are commonly used together.


- 여자 친구 = 여자친구

**여자 친구 is a correct way to write, but many people write it as a single word without space since it is such a commonly used word. 

**This is commonly found in sino-Korean words.


2. “Noun + 하다”

- 공부(를) 하다 = 공부 하다 ---> 공부하다

- 운동(을) 하다 = 운동 하다 ---> 운동하다

- 청소(를) 하다 = 청소 하다 ---> 청소하다

So far we have looked at various grammar points in Korean, and now we feel that it is the right time to touch upon spacing rules in Korean. In English, different words are basically all written separately, but in Korean, there are some cases in which words are written without space between them.
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