Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

In this lesson, we look at some word contraction examples in Korean. Some words in Korean are used together so often that they actually almost form a separate word.

In the previous lesson, we just barely scratched at the surface of the spacing rules in Korean. Let’s take it a step further and learn about some common word contractions.


Topic marker contractions

When topic markers are used after nouns and pronouns, sometimes they are shortened so people can speak faster.


1.

저는 ---> 전 [polite]


Ex)

저는 괜찮아요. = I’m alright.

= 전 괜찮아요. 


2.

나는 ---> 난 [casual]


Ex)

나는 여기 있을게. = I’ll stay here.

= 난 여기 있을게. 


3.

이것은 [very formal] ---> 이거는 [casual] ---> 이건 [casual]

저것은 ---> 저거는 ---> 저건

그것은 ---> 그거는 ---> 그건


Ex)

이것은 뭐예요? = What is this?

= 이건 뭐예요? 


4.

서울에는 ---> 서울엔 


Ex)

서울에는 왜 왔어요? = What brings you to Seoul?

= 서울엔 왜 왔어요? 


5.

어제는 --> 어젠 


Ex)

어제는 왜 안 왔어요? = Why didn’t you come yesterday?

= 어젠 왜 안 왔어요?


Subject marker contractions

When subject markers are used after nouns and pronouns, sometimes they are shortened so people can speak faster.


1.

이것이 ---> 이게 

저것이 ---> 저게

그것이 ---> 그게


Ex)

이것이 맛있어요. = This one is tasty.

= 이게 맛있어요.


2.

나는 ---> 난 [casual]


Ex)

나는 여기 있을게. = I’ll stay here.

= 난 여기 있을게. 

* You can use these shortened forms anytime except in extremely formal situations.


Sample Sentences

1. 전 학생이에요.

= I am a student.


2. 난 콜라 마실래.

= I want to drink coke.


3. 이건 제 거예요.

= This is mine.


4. 서울엔 눈이 오고 있어요.

= (Well, in other areas, I don’t know, but) As far as Seoul is concerned, it is snowing.


5. 어젠 뭐 했어요?

= What did you do yesterday?

In this lesson, we look at some word contraction examples in Korean. Some words in Korean are used together so often that they actually almost form a separate word.
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주식회사 지나인 (사업자 번호 110-81-94935)
서울시 마포구 서교동 394-74번지 3층
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