The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
We have looked at how to say “more” and “most” in Korean in our previous lessons. Now in this lesson, let us take a look at how to say “less”.
덜 = less
While in English, the word “less” can be used as a noun as well as an adverb/adjective, the Korean word 덜 can only be used as an adverb (modifying verbs only).
1. 덜 먹다 = to eat (something) less
*Here, when you say “to eat less”, actually “less” is the object of the verb, “eat”. You are eating something, but you are eating less of that something. But in Korean, what you are actually saying is you still do the action, but you do it less. If you translate 덜 먹다 into “to eat less,” the “less” part becomes a noun. But if you translate it into “to eat something less,” it is actually closer to the original meaning in Korean. Don’t be confused. We are going to have a separate lesson on this! ;-)
2. 덜 쓰다 = to use (something) less
3. 덜 춥다 = to be less cold
4. 덜 비싸다 = to be less expensive
**Since verbs almost always come at the end of the sentences in Korean, the word 덜 comes before verbs.
1. 어제보다 덜 추워요.
= It’s less cold than yesterday.
2. 덜 비싼 것 없어요?
= Don’t you have a less expensive one?
3. 물은 더 마시고, 술은 덜 마셔야 돼요.
= (lit.) You should drink water more and alcohol less.
= You should drink more water and less alcohol.
덜 can also mean “not completely yet”.
덜 basically means “less” but it can also mean “not fully” or “not completely yet”. And naturally, the opposite word is 다, which means “all” or “completely”.
A: 그 맥주 다 마셨어요?
Did you drink all of that beer?
B: 아니요. 다 안 마셨어요. 덜 마셨어요.
No, I didn’t drink all of it. I haven’t finished it yet.
A: 다 왔어요?
Are we there yet?
B: 덜 왔어요.
We are not there yet.
A: 제 책 돌려주세요.
Give me my book back.
B: 아직 덜 봤어요.
I haven’t finished it yet.