Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Word Contractions (part 2)

In this lesson, we look at how commonly used expressions are contracted to shorter forms. Listen in to find out how you can use these contractions to make your Korean sound more fluent!

In Level 4 Lesson 17, we covered one aspect of common word contractions in Korean: how the subject markers are contracted to shorter forms and attached to the previous words.


Ex)

1. 저는 --> 전

2. 이것은 --> 이건


Now that we’ve refreshed your memory, you’re ready to learn more word contractions in Korean! 


First off, do you remember how to say “this,” “that,” and “it” in Korean?

For “this/the/that + noun”, the words 이, 그 and 저 are used, respectively. 

이 책 = this book

그 가방 = the/that bag

저 자동차 = that car over there


When “this/it/that” are used as pronouns, the words 이것, 그것, and 저것 are used. And the following are some expressions related to these words:

이렇다 = to be like this; to be this way

그렇다 = to be like that; to be that way

저렇다 = to be like that (over there); to be that way (over there)


If you want to use these as adverbs and say “like this” “in this way” or “in that way”, you can say:

이렇게 = like this, in this way

그렇게 = like that, in such a way

저렇게 = like that (over there)

 

Do you remember how to say “if” in Korean? It’s “verb + -(으)면”. If you want to review, go back to Level 2 Lesson 23, Level 3 Lesson 15, or Level 4 Lesson 1.

Now say “if you do it like this” in Korean:

이렇게 하면 = if you do it like this

그렇게 하면 = if you do it in such a way

저렇게 하면 = if you do it like that


When you want to combine “이렇다” (to be like this) with -(으)면 (if) to say “if it is like this,” it changes to 이러면 (the consonant ㅎ is dropped).

이렇다면 ---> 이러면 

그렇다면 ---> 그러면

저렇다면 ---> 저러면 


However, even when you say things such as “if you do it like this” using the verb 하다, it’s also contracted to the same form.

이렇게 하면 ---> 이러면

그렇게 하면 ---> 그러면 

저렇게 하면 ---> 저러면


Let’s move on to something similar. Do you remember how to say “how” in Korean? (We introduced this is Level 1 Lesson 24.)


어떻게


When 어떻게 is combined with the 하다 verb, a contraction similar to the previous happens. 


어떻게 하다 ---> 어떡하다 (more common in spoken Korean)


Ex)

1. 어떻게 해요? 

= 어떡해요?

= What are we supposed to do?

= How should we deal with this?


2. 어떻게 할 거예요? 

= 어떡할 거예요? 

= What are you going to do?

= How are you going to take care of this?


어떡할 거예요? can be contracted down even further into 어쩔 거예요?


Ex)

1. 이거 어떡할 거예요? 

= 이거 어쩔 거예요? 

= How are you going to take care of this?

= What are you going to do about this?


2. 이제 어떡할 거예요?

= 이제 어쩔 거예요? 

= Now what?

= How are you going to take care of it now?

In this lesson, we look at how commonly used expressions are contracted to shorter forms. Listen in to find out how you can use these contractions to make your Korean sound more fluent!
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