The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
There’s never been a better time to start learning how to create and use future tense noun groups than right now! Let’s get to it!
-(으)ㄹ + noun
The usages of this verb ending can be best explained through examples, but basically, this expresses the adjective form of a verb in the future tense.
1. 읽다 = to read
--> 읽 + -(으)ㄹ = 읽을
--> ex) 읽을 책 = a book that (someone) will read; a book to read
2. 초대하다 = to invite
--> 초대하 + -(으)ㄹ = 초대할
--> ex) 초대할 사람 = a person that (someone) will invite; a person to invite
3. 보내다 = to send
--> 보내 + -(으)ㄹ = 보낼
--> ex) 보낼 편지 = a letter that (someone) will send, a letter to send
All of the examples above were in the “verb stem + -(으)ㄹ + noun” form.
When you do not use a specific noun, but rather just use the word “것,” which means “thing” or “the fact,” the noun group can mean “something to + verb.”
1. 먹다 = to read
--> 먹 + -(으)ㄹ = 먹을
--> ex) 먹을 것 = something to eat = food
** “먹을 것” is originally “something to eat” or “things that I will eat,” but over the course of time, it has gained the meaning of “food.”
2. 타다 = to ride
--> 타 + -(으)ㄹ = 탈
--> ex) 탈 것 = something to ride = vehicle
** “탈 것” originally means “something that I will ride” or “a thing that I will ride,” but colloquially, it means “vehicle.”
3. 마시다 = to drink
--> 마시 + -(으)ㄹ = 마실
--> ex) 마실 것 = something to drink = beverages
Now, do you recognize the ending -(으)ㄹ 거예요 from our lesson on the future tense (Level 2 Lesson 1)?
In the future tense, you add -(으)ㄹ 거예요 after a verb stem.
-(으)ㄹ 것 + 이에요 = -(으)ㄹ 것이에요 ---> -(으)ㄹ 거예요
Since the future tense stems from -(으)ㄹ 것, a Korean sentence like this can be translated in two different ways.
이거 누가 먹을 거예요?
If you think of this sentence as “누가 먹다 (who + eat) + future tense,” it will be translated as “who will eat this?” If you think of it as “누가 먹을 거 (who + will + eat + thing) + to be,” it will be translated as “this thing, who will eat it?”
1. 내일 할 일이 많아요.
= I have a lot (of work) to do tomorrow.
= There is a lot of stuff that I will do tomorrow.
2. 지금은 할 이야기가 없어요.
= Right now, I have nothing to say.
= For now, there is nothing I will say.
3. 냉장고에 먹을 것이 전혀 없어요.
= In the refrigerator, there isn’t any food at all.