Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

In Level 2 Lesson 14 and Level 2 Lesson 19, we looked at two different ways of changing a verb into the noun forms. They were -기 [-gi] and -는 것 [-neun geot] and they both express the meaning of “the act of doing something” or the verb in the “-ing” noun form. In today’s lesson, we will look at how to make and use “future tense noun groups”.

There’s never been a better time to start learning how to create and use future tense noun groups than right now! Let’s get to it!


-(으)ㄹ + noun


The usages of this verb ending can be best explained through examples, but basically, this expresses the adjective form of a verb in the future tense.


Ex)

1. 읽다 = to read

--> 읽 + -(으)ㄹ = 읽을

--> ex) 읽을 책 = a book that (someone) will read; a book to read


2. 초대하다 = to invite

--> 초대하 + -(으)ㄹ = 초대할

--> ex) 초대할 사람 = a person that (someone) will invite; a person to invite


3. 보내다 = to send

--> 보내 + -(으)ㄹ = 보낼

--> ex) 보낼 편지 = a letter that (someone) will send, a letter to send


All of the examples above were in the “verb stem + -(으)ㄹ + noun” form.


When you do not use a specific noun, but rather just use the word “것,” which means “thing” or “the fact,” the noun group can mean “something to + verb.”


Ex)

1. 먹다 = to read 

--> 먹 + -(으)ㄹ = 먹을

--> ex) 먹을 것 = something to eat = food

** “먹을 것” is originally “something to eat” or “things that I will eat,” but over the course of time, it has gained the meaning of “food.” 


2. 타다 = to ride

--> 타 + -(으)ㄹ = 탈

--> ex) 탈 것 = something to ride = vehicle

** “탈 것” originally means “something that I will ride” or “a thing that I will ride,” but colloquially, it means “vehicle.”


3. 마시다 = to drink

--> 마시 + -(으)ㄹ = 마실

--> ex) 마실 것 = something to drink = beverages


Now, do you recognize the ending -(으)ㄹ 거예요 from our lesson on the future tense (Level 2 Lesson 1)?

In the future tense, you add -(으)ㄹ 거예요 after a verb stem.


-(으)ㄹ 것 + 이에요 = -(으)ㄹ 것이에요 ---> -(으)ㄹ 거예요


Since the future tense stems from -(으)ㄹ 것, a Korean sentence like this can be translated in two different ways.


For example:

이거 누가 먹을 거예요?


If you think of this sentence as “누가 먹다 (who + eat) + future tense,” it will be translated as “who will eat this?” If you think of it as “누가 먹을 거 (who + will + eat + thing) + to be,” it will be translated as “this thing, who will eat it?”


Sample sentences

1. 내일 할 일이 많아요.

= I have a lot (of work) to do tomorrow.

= There is a lot of stuff that I will do tomorrow.


2. 지금은 할 이야기가 없어요.

= Right now, I have nothing to say.

= For now, there is nothing I will say.


3. 냉장고에 먹을 것이 전혀 없어요.

= In the refrigerator, there isn’t any food at all.

In Level 2 Lesson 14 and Level 2 Lesson 19, we looked at two different ways of changing a verb into the noun forms. They were -기 [-gi] and -는 것 [-neun geot] and they both express the meaning of “the act of doing something” or the verb in the “-ing” noun form. In today’s lesson, we will look at how to make and use “future tense noun groups”.
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