Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

안녕하세요! In our previous lesson, we looked at how to make future tense noun groups using the verb ending -(으)ㄹ before nouns. In this lesson, we are looking at how to make “past tense” noun groups. Listen in to find out how to use the “-(으)ㄴ + noun” form in natural context!

Past tense nouns

-(으)ㄴ + noun


The noun in this structure can either be the subject or the object of the verb, so you need to check the context to figure out which one it is, but basically it means “something that did …” or “something that someone did...”


Ex)

1. 보다 = to watch; to see

--> 보 + -(으)ㄴ = 본

--> ex) 어제 본 영화 = the movie that I saw yesterday


2. 오다 = to come

--> 오 + -(으)ㄴ = 온

--> ex) 어제 온 사람들 = the people who came here yesterday


3. 말하다 = to say; to talk about

--> 말하 + -(으)ㄴ = 말한

--> ex) 친구가 말한 카페 = the cafe that a friend talked about


Sample Sentences

1. 어제 본 영화 어땠어요?

= How was the movie that you saw yesterday?


2. 새로 이사 간 집은 어때요?

= How is your new house that you moved to?


3. 오늘 배운 내용 복습하세요.

= Please review what you learned today.


Now, let’s compare a few different tenses for noun groups using what you have already learned from our previous lessons. 

Ex)

1. 보다 = to watch; to read; to see


Present tense noun group: 보는 + noun

Past tense noun group: 본 + noun

Future tense noun group: 볼 + noun


제가 보는 책이에요. = It’s a book that I’m reading.

제가 본 책이에요. = It’s a book that I’ve read.

제가 볼 책이에요. = It’s a book that I will read.


2. 공부하다 = to study


Present tense noun group: 공부하는 + noun

Past tense noun group: 공부한 + noun

Future tense noun group: 공부할 + noun


요즘 공부하는 외국어예요. = It’s a foreign language that I am studying these days.

어제 공부한 외국어예요. = It’s a foreign language that I studied yesterday.

내일 공부할 외국어예요. = It’s a foreign language that I will study tomorrow.

안녕하세요! In our previous lesson, we looked at how to make future tense noun groups using the verb ending -(으)ㄹ before nouns. In this lesson, we are looking at how to make “past tense” noun groups. Listen in to find out how to use the “-(으)ㄴ + noun” form in natural context!
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