The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
By using the Korean structure of -게 되다, you can say things like “to gradually get to do,” “to eventually find oneself doing” or “to end up doing.”
In order to use this structure, it’s important that you fully understand the structure itself. Let’s break it down into its two parts:
-게 = in such a way that … / so that …
되다 = to become
Meanings of “-게 + 되다”
= things happen in a way that someone gets to do something
= to get into a state where someone does something
Verb stem + -게 되다
하다 (= to do) + -게 되다
= 하게 되다
[present tense] 하게 돼요.
[past tense] 하게 됐어요.
[future tense] 하게 될 거예요.
알다 (= to know) + -게 되다
= 알게 되다
[present tense] 알게 돼요.
[past tense] 알게 됐어요.
[future tense] 알게 될 거예요.
Usages of -게 되다
-게 되다 has various usages:
1. When you don’t want to do something, but you have to, and you eventually end up doing something.
안 먹고 싶어요. 그런데 먹게 돼요.
= I don’t want to eat it, but I keep eating it anyway.
Think of this as a situation transitioning from A to B. In situation A, you don’t want to eat something, but in situation B, you are eating it. So, moving from 안 먹다 to 먹다, it is kind of becoming something. At first you didn’t want to eat something, nor even cared about eating, but you eventually find yourself eating.
2. When you didn’t expect or intend to do something, but you got into a situation where you ended up doing it, you can use the -게 되다 structure.
지난 주에 영화를 보게 됐어요.
= I wasn’t planning to in the first place, but I got to see a movie last week.
You went from situation A, where you didn’t plan to see that movie, to situation B where you actually saw the movie.
3. When talking about the future, if you want to say that someone or you will eventually do something whether or not that person wants to, you can use -게 되다.
그렇게 하게 될 거예요.
= You will eventually end up doing it that way.
오게 될 거예요.
= He will eventually come here.
By saying -게 될 거예요, you can show some confidence about what is going to happen in the future.
1. 내일 알게 될 거예요.
= You will find out tomorrow.
2. 다 사게 됐어요.
= I ended up buying everything.
3. 다시 학교에 다니게 됐어요.
= (Things have happened so that) now I can go back to (going to) school.
4. 어떻게 여기에 오게 됐어요?
= How did you get to come here?
5. 만나게 되면 말해 주세요.
= If you get to meet him, tell me.