The more … the more … / -면 -을수록
Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?
It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요
Verb ending -지요/-죠
“당신” and “you”
Word builder 3 / 동(動)
It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요
It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요
You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요
Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서
Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도
To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다
Word builder 4 / 불(不)
Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상
Any / 아무 (part 2)
Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기
Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형
Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고
Less, Not completely / 덜
Sentence Building Drill #1
Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기
Word builder 5 / 장(場)
Word Contractions (part 2)
Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬
-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것
-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것
I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다
To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다
To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다
Sentence Building Drill #2
Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson, we are looking at the verb ending -지(요). Along with -네(요), -지(요) is a verb ending that gives your Korean sentences a very subtle change in their meanings.
-지(요) has several different usages.
You use the -지(요) ending when...
(1) you are talking about something, supposing that the other person also already knows about it.
(2) both you and the other person know about something or have a common opinion about something, and you are just mentioning the fact again.
You can use the -지(요) ending as an interrogative (question) ending when...
(3) both you and the other person know about something, and you are just reassuring yourself by asking the question.
(4) you know about something, and you are asking yourself to confirm the fact. In this case, you don’t speak in 존댓말.
(5) you don’t know about something, and you are asking yourself a question, usually thinking out loud and asking the other people around at the same time. You speak in 반말 in this case as well.
오늘 금요일이에요. = Today is Friday.
오늘 금요일이네요! = Oh, today is Friday!
오늘 금요일이지요. = Today is Friday. (You and the other person both already know that today is Friday, and you are just confirming the fact.)
오늘 금요일이지요? = Today is Friday, right? (You and the other person both already know that today is Friday, and you are just reassuring yourself by asking the question.)
Present Tense: verb stem + -지(요)
Past Tense: verb stem + -았/었/였 + -지(요)
Future Tense: verb stem + -(으)ㄹ 거 + -지(요) (almost always used only as an interrogative ending)
When you speak in 존댓말, the verb ending -지요 often changes to -죠 for simplicity and ease.
1. 오늘 날씨 춥지요?
= The weather is cold today, right?
--> (You know that the other person knows that the weather is cold.)
2. 맞아요. 피자 정말 맛있죠.
= That’s right. Pizza really is delicious.
--> (You know that the other person also thinks that pizza is delicious.)
= It’s fun, right?
--> (You know that the other person already thinks that it is fun, so you are asking to check again.)
4. 이게 뭐지? (asking oneself)
= What is this?
--> (You are not directly asking anybody, so you do not say “이게 뭐야?” or “이게 뭐예요?”.)
5. 그럴 수도 있죠.
= Yeah, that could be possible.
--> (You and the other person both know that something is possible, and you show your agreement as the other person just mentions it.)