Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “it is okay to …” or “you don’t have to…” In English, these two expressions might not be so related, but in Korean, they share a common structure, which is -도 되다.

To say something such as “it is okay to...” or “don’t have to/need to...” in Korean, you will need to learn and use the following verb ending: -아/어/여도 되다


How it works:

되다 means “to function,” “to be possible,” or “can do.”


Ex) 

지금 인터넷 돼요? (Does the Internet work now?)

지금 배달 돼요? (Can you deliver the food now? Is food delivery available now?)

배달 돼요? (Do you deliver food as well? Can food delivery be done?)


도 means “also” or “too” (when used with nouns).


Ex) 

저도 갈 거예요. (I’m going to go, too.)

저도요. (Me, too.)

이것도 주세요. (Give me this one, too.)


-아/어/여 + -도 means “even if” or “even when” (when used with verb stems)


Ex) 

먹어도 (even if you eat)

몰라도 (even when you don’t know)

가도 (even if you go)

해도 (even if you do)

자도 (even if you sleep)

일어나도 (even when you wake up)


When combined,

-아/어/여 + -도 + 되다 = -아/어/여도 되다 means “it is okay to...” or “it is okay even if you...”


Ex)

켜다 = to turn on; to switch on

켜도 되다 = it is okay to turn … on; it is okay even if you switch … on

켜도 돼요. = It’s okay. You can turn it on.

불 켜도 돼요. = You can turn the light on.

컴퓨터 켜도 돼요. = You can turn the computer on.


하다 = to do

해도 되다 = it is okay to do …;it is okay even if you do …

내일 해도 돼요. = It’s okay if you do it tomorrow. You can just do it tomorrow.

내일 해도 돼요? = Is it okay if I do it tomorrow?


시작하다 = to begin; to start

시작해도 되다 = it is okay to start

시작해도 돼요. = You can start.

시작해도 돼요? = Can I start? Can we start?


Sample Sentences

1. 이거 나중에 해도 돼요. = You can do this later.

(Question form: 이거 나중에 해도 돼요? = Can I do this later?)


2. 컴퓨터 써도 돼요? = Can I use the computer?


3. 오늘 쉬어도 돼요. = You can take a day off today.


How to say “don’t have to...”

By using the same structure (-아/어/여 + -도 + 되다) and adding 안 in front of it, you can say “don’t have to...” or “it is not necessary to...”


해도 돼요. = You can do it./ It is okay if you do it.

안 해도 돼요. = You don’t have to do it./It is okay if you don’t do it.

청소 안 해도 돼요. = You don’t have to clean up./It is okay if you don’t clean up.

오늘 일 안 해도 돼요. = You don’t have to work today./It is okay if you don’t work today.


먹어도 돼요. = You can eat it. It’s okay if you eat it.

안 먹어도 돼요. = You don’t have to eat it./It’s okay if you don’t eat it.

안 마셔도 돼요. = You don’t have to drink./It’s okay if you don’t drink.


안 + -아/어/여 + -도 + 되다 does NOT translate to “you shouldn’t...” in English. We will cover how to say “you shouldn’t” in Korean in the next lesson (Level 4 Lesson 9).

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “it is okay to …” or “you don’t have to…” In English, these two expressions might not be so related, but in Korean, they share a common structure, which is -도 되다.
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