Level 4 Korean Grammar

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1

The more … the more … / -면 -을수록

2

Do you want to …? / -(으)ㄹ래요?

3

It can’t be … / -(으)ㄹ 리가 없어요, 할 리가 없어요

4

Verb ending -지요/-죠

5

“당신” and “you”

6

Word builder 3 / 동(動)

7

It’s okay. I’m okay. / 괜찮아요

8

It is okay to…, You don’t have to… / -아/어/여도 돼요, 해도 돼요

9

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

10

Among, Between / 사이에, 사이에서, 중에, 중에서

11

Anybody, Anything, Anywhere / 아무나, 아무도, 아무거나, 아무것도

12

To try doing something / -아/어/여 보다, 해 보다

13

Word builder 4 / 불(不)

14

Sometimes, Often, Always, Never, Seldom / 가끔, 자주, 별로, 맨날, 항상

15

Any / 아무 (part 2)

16

Spacing in Korean / 띄어쓰기

17

Word Contractions (part 1) / 주격 조사, 축약형

18

Most, Best (superlative) / 최상급, 최고

19

Less, Not completely / 덜

20

Sentence Building Drill #1

21

Spacing (part 2) / 띄어쓰기

22

Word builder 5 / 장(場)

23

Word Contractions (part 2)

24

Much (more), Much (less) / 훨씬

25

-(으)ㄹ + noun (future tense noun group) / -(으)ㄹ + 명사, 할 것

26

-(으)ㄴ + noun (past tense noun group) / -(으)ㄴ + 명사, 한 것

27

I think … (+ future tense) / -(으)ㄴ/(으)ㄹ/ㄴ 것 같다, 한 것 같다, 할 것 같다

28

To become + adjective / -아/어/여지다

29

To gradually/eventually get to do something / -게 되다, 하게 되다

30

Sentence Building Drill #2

31

Test Your Korean – Level 4 Dialogue in 100% Korean

You shouldn’t…, You’re not supposed to… / -(으)면 안 돼요, 하면 안 돼요

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “you shouldn’t do” something or “you are not supposed to do” something in Korean.

In the previous lesson, we looked at how to use the -아/어/여도 되다 ending to tell someone that it’s okay to do something or that he/she doesn’t need/have to do something. So, in this lesson, let’s look at the opposite: how to say “you shouldn’t...” or “you’re not supposed to...” in Korean.


Conjugation:

Verb stem + -(으)면 안 되다 


-(으)면 안 되다 can be broken into two parts: -(으)면 and 안 되다


-(으) 면 means “if” (Go to Level 2 Lesson 23 to review) and 되다 means “to work,” “to function,” “to be possible” or “can do.” Therefore, 안 되다 means “it can’t be done,” “it’s not possible,” or “it is not okay”.


 -(으)면 안 되다 literally means “it is not okay if...” or “it is not acceptable if...,” and it can be more naturally translated to “you shouldn’t...” or “you’re not supposed to...” in English


Ex)

1. 열다 = to open


열면 안 돼요. = You shouldn’t open it./ You are not supposed to open it.

열면 안 돼요? = Should I not open it?/Am I not supposed to open it?

열면 안 돼. = [to a child] You shouldn’t open it.

열어도 돼요. = It’s okay to open it./ You can go ahead and open it.

열어도 돼요? = Can I open it?


2. 만지다 = to touch


만지면 안 돼요. = You shouldn’t touch it./ You can’t touch it.

만지면 안 돼요? = [asking for permission] Am I not supposed to touch it? 

만지면 안 돼. = [to a child] You shouldn’t touch it.

만져도 돼요. = It’s okay to touch it./ You can go ahead and touch it.

만져도 돼요? = Can I touch it?


More Verb Conjugation Practice:

1. 던지다 = to throw

You should not throw it. = 던지면 안 돼요.

It’s okay to throw it. = 던져도 돼요.


2. 팔다 = to sell

You should not sell it. = 팔면 안 돼요. 

It’s okay to sell it. = 팔아도 돼요.


3. 말하다 = to tell; to talk

You should not tell/talk. = 말하면 안 돼요.

It’s okay to tell/talk. = 말해도 돼요.


Sample Sentences

1. 지금 말하면 안 돼요? = Shouldn’t I tell/talk now?/ Am I not supposed to tell/talk now?

2. 여기서 팔면 안 돼요? = Shouldn’t I sell it here?/ Am I not supposed to sell it here?

3. 그거 던지면 안 돼요. 유리예요. = You should not throw it. It’s (made of) glass.

In this lesson, we are looking at how to say “you shouldn’t do” something or “you are not supposed to do” something in Korean.
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