Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Sentence Building Drill #3

안녕하세요! This is the Sentence Building Drill (문장 만들기 연습) lesson! In this series, we will look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.

Welcome to the second “Sentence Building Drill” lesson! In this series, you focus on how to use the grammatical rules and expressions that you have learned so far to train yourself to make more Korean sentences more comfortably and more flexibly.


Starting off with THREE key sentences, you will practice changing parts of these sentences so that you don’t end up just memorizing the same three sentences. Being flexible and comfortable making Korean sentences is the objective! 


Key sentence #1 

이 중에서 아무거나 골라도 돼요? 

= Among these, can I pick just any? 


Key sentence #2 

어제 너무 피곤해서 집에 가자마자 아무것도 못 하고 바로 잠들었어요. 

= Yesterday I was so tired, so as soon as I got home, I couldn’t do anything and just fell asleep right away. 


Key sentence #3 

날씨가 더워서 사람들이 별로 안 온 것 같아요. 

= I think not that many people came because the weather is hot. 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #1 


0. Original sentence: 

이 중에서 아무거나 골라도 돼요? 

= Among these, can I pick just any? 


1. 

이 중에서 = among these 

저 중에서 = among those (over there)

이 사람들 중에서 = among these people 

이 책들 중에서 = among these books

친구들 중에서 = among my friends 


2. 

이 중에서 고르세요. = Choose among these. / Pick [something] out of these.

이 중에서 뭐가 제일 좋아요? = What’s your favorite among these?

이 중에서 뭐가 제일 싫어요? = What’s your least favorite among these?

이 중에서 하나만 고르세요. = Pick just one out of these. 


3. 

아무거나 고르세요. = Pick/Choose/Select anything. 

아무거나 주세요. = Give me anything. 

아무거나 괜찮아요. = Anything is fine. 

아무나 괜찮아요. = Anyone is okay. 


4. 

아무거나 골라도 돼요? = Can I pick anything? 

아무거나 사도 돼요? = Is it okay to buy anything? 

아무거나 입어도 돼요? = Is it okay to wear whatever I want? / Is it okay if I wear anything?

아무거나 써도 돼요? = Can I write just anything? 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #2 


0. Original sentence: 

어제 너무 피곤해서 집에 가자마자 아무것도 못 하고 바로 잠들었어요. 

= Yesterday I was so tired, so as soon as I got home, I couldn’t do anything and just fell asleep right away. 


1. 

너무 피곤해요. = I am so tired. 

너무 이상해요. = It’s so strange. 

너무 비싸요. = It’s too expensive. 

너무 웃겨요. = It’s so funny. / You’re too funny.


2. 

피곤해서 집에 갔어요. = I was tired, so I went home. 

피곤해서 안 갔어요. = I was tired, therefore I didn’t go. 

피곤해서 일찍 잤어요. = I was tired, so I went to bed early. 


3.

집에 가자마자 잠들었어요. = As soon as I went home, I fell asleep. 

집에 도착하자마자 다시 나왔어요. = As soon as I arrived home, I came outside again. 

소식을 듣자마자 전화를 했어요. = As soon as I heard the news, I called. 

전화를 받자마자 나왔어요. = As soon as I got the phone call, I came out. 


4. 

아무것도 못 했어요. = I couldn’t do anything. 

아무것도 못 먹었어요. = I couldn’t eat anything. 

아무도 못 만났어요. = I couldn’t meet anyone. 

아무데도 못 갔어요. = I couldn’t go anywhere. 


5. 

아무것도 못 하고 *바로 잠들었어요. = I couldn’t do anything and just fell asleep. 

아무것도 못 보고 나왔어요. = I couldn’t see anything and came out. 

아무것도 못 사고 돌아왔어요. = I couldn’t buy anything and came back. 


*바로 is sometimes “correctly” or “in the right way”, but many times it is “right away”. If you want to make sure that people understand 바로 as “right away”, you can say 곧바로.



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #3


0. Original sentence: 

날씨가 더워서 사람들이 별로 안 온 것 같아요. 

= I think not so many people came because the weather is hot. 


1. 

날씨가 더워요. = The weather is hot. 

날씨가 추워요. = The weather is cold. 

날씨가 좋아요. = The weather is good. 

날씨가 흐려요. = It’s cloudy. 


2. 

더워서 사람들이 안 왔어요. = It was hot, so people didn’t come. 

바빠서 사람들이 안 왔어요. = People were busy, therefore they didn’t come. 

늦어서 사람들이 돌아갔어요. = It was late, so people went back. 

비싸서 사람들이 안 샀어요. = It was expensive, so people didn’t buy it. 


3. 

사람들이 별로 안 왔어요. = Not that many people came.

별로 안 예뻐요. = It’s not so pretty. 

별로 마음에 안 들어요. = I don’t particularly like it. 

별로 안 어려워요. = It’s not too difficult. 


4. 

사람들이 안 온 것 같아요. = I think people didn’t come. / I don’t think people are here yet.

사람들이 벌써 도착한 것 같아요. = I think people already arrived here. 

친구들이 온 것 같아요. = I think my friends are here.

안녕하세요! This is the Sentence Building Drill (문장 만들기 연습) lesson! In this series, we will look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.
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