Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

Through this lesson, we take a look at how to use -(이)라는 to say things like “a boy called 석진”, “a girl whose name is 주연”, “a website called TalkToMeInKorean”, etc. This is very commonly used when you are talking about someone or something’s name or when you start talking about an abstract concept.

In Level 5 Lesson 10, you learned how to use -(이)라고 with nouns and final verbs related to speaking and having conversations. 


Ex) 

학생이라고 말하다 = to say that (someone) is a student 

최고라고 하다 = to say that (something) is the best 


It is coming back to you now, right? Good! 


-(이)라고 is used when the verb immediately following -(이)라고 ends the sentence. So what do you do when you want to add another noun after -(이)라고? The verb following -(이)라고 must be changed into adjective form. 


Ex)

학생이라고 말하다 → 학생이라고 말하는 

최고라고 하다 → 최고라고 하는 


* Check out Level 3, Lesson 14 to review how to use this structure to turn action verbs into adjective form. 


Shortened form

To say “the person who they say is the best” or “the boy that says he is my friend”, use
 -(이)라고 하다 + -는, which is -(이)라고 하는 when combined together.


Since -(이)라고 하는 is a bit lengthy, and Korean is big on efficiency, a shortened form of this is commonly used: -(이)라는. 

Ex) 

학생이라고 하는 사람 = the person who (they) say is a student 

→ 학생이라는 사람 


책이라고 하는 것 = the thing that (they) call a book 

→ 책이라는 것 


Usages 

You can use this NOUN + -(이)라는 + NOUN form when: 

(1) you want to talk about an abstract concept and its innate characteristics,

Ex) 

LOVE is … / This thing called LOVE is... = 사랑은 = 사랑이라는 것은 ... 


(2) you want to introduce what something is called or how it is described. 

Ex) 

The person who they say is a doctor … = 의사라는 사람은 … 

This person called Hyunwoo is … = 현우라는 사람은 … 


Sample sentences 

여기에, “스쿨푸드”라는 식당이 있어요. 

= Here, there is a restaurant called “School Food”. 


진석진이라는 선생님이 있어요. 

= There is a teacher called Jin Seokjin. 

* In English, you have to add “called Jin Seokjin”, “who is called Jin Seokjin”, or “whose name is Jin Seokjin” after “a teacher”, but in Korean, the order is reversed.


TalkToMeInKorean이라는 웹사이트 알아요? 

= Do you know the website called “TalkToMeInKorean”? 


 공부라는 것은, 재미없으면 오래 할 수 없어요. 

= Studying is... (something that) you can’t do for a long time if it’s not interesting. 

* You can also say “공부는 재미없으면 오래 할 수 없어요”. If you say “공부라는 것은 …”, you are talking about 공부 as the grand subject of the sentence.


내일, 알렉스라는 친구가 올 거예요. 

= Tomorrow, a friend named Alex will come here.

Through this lesson, we take a look at how to use -(이)라는 to say things like “a boy called 석진”, “a girl whose name is 주연”, “a website called TalkToMeInKorean”, etc. This is very commonly used when you are talking about someone or something’s name or when you start talking about an abstract concept.
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