Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

안녕하세요. ^^ Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja], and although many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there. You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free


The keyword for this lesson is 회. 

The Chinese character for this is 會. 

The word 회 is related to “to gather” or “gathering”. 


Sample Expressions

회 (to gather) + 사 (to gather) = 회사 會社 = company 

* Note: Neither 회 nor 사 here are used independently to mean “to gather”.


회사 (company) + 원 (member) = 회사원 會社員 = employee, worker 


Related Vocab

교직원 敎職員 = someone who works for a school, someone who is a member of the staff at a school


회 (to gather) + 의 (to discuss) = 회의 會議 = meeting 

Ex) 회의가 길어지는 건 너무 싫어요. = I hate it when meetings go too long.


회의 (meeting) + 실 (house, residence) = 회의실 會議室 = meeting room, conference room 


Related Vocab

대회의실 大會議室 = big/main conference room

회의장 會議場 = meeting room, conference room


회 (to gather) + 식 (food, to eat) = 회식 會食 = get-together dinner, company dinner 

Ex) 비싸고 맛있는 거 먹으면, 회식이 좋아요. = If I get to eat expensive and delicious food, then I like company dinners.


회 (to gather) + 계 (to count, to calculate) = 회계 會計 = accounting 


Related Vocab

계산기 計算器/計算機 = calculator

계산대 計算臺 = counter

계산 計算 = calculation

회계사 會計士 = accountant

회계 부서 會計 部署 = department for accounting


회 (to gather) + 비 (to spend) = 회비 會費 = (membership) fee, (membership) dues 


Related Vocab

비용 費用 = expense, cost


회 (to gather) + 원 (the number of people) = 회원 會員 = member, membership 

Ex) 저는 이 헬스장 회원이에요. = I have a membership to this gym.


회 (to gather) + 화 (word, to talk) = 회화 會話 = conversation 

* Be careful! This is not used when defining a normal “conversation”. Even though this word translates to “conversation” or “dialogue” in English, 회화 in this context is only used when talking about foreign language acquisition.
Ex) 한국어 회화를 배우고 있어요. = I am learning conversational Korean. 


사 (to gather) + 회 (to gather) = 사회 社會 = society 

*사회, “Sociology”, is also the title of subject matter which Korean middle/high school students study.


국 (country, nation) + 회 (to gather) = 국회 國會 = National Assembly 


Related Vocab

국회의원 國會議員 = member of the National Assembly


대 (big) + 회 (to gather) = 대회 大會 = competition, tournament 


Related Vocab

대학교 大學校 = a college, a university

대공원 大公園 = a (large) public park


교 (to teach) + 회 (to gather) = 교회 敎會 = church 


Related Vocab

종교 宗敎 = religion

절(native Korean word) = a Buddhist temple

성당 聖堂 = a Catholic church; a cathedral


동 (the same) + 호 (to like) + 회 (to gather) = 동호회同好會 = club, society


Related Vocab

사진 동호회 寫眞 同好會 = photography club/circle

춤 동호회 (춤 is a native Korean word) = dance club

음악 동호회音樂 同好會 = music club

안녕하세요. ^^ Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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