Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

안녕하세요! In this lesson we take a look at the verb ending -(ㄴ/는)다는 and -(ㄴ/는)다고 and how they are used after verbs to talk about an action or a state. We also briefly review Lessons 10, 12 and 16 of Level 5 in this one. Are you ready? Have fun!

In this lesson, you will learn how to quote other people and yourself by using  -(ㄴ/는)다고 and -(ㄴ/는)다는. Before you jump into the explanation, take a moment to briefly review some of the previously introduced verb endings related to -(ㄴ/는)다고 and -(ㄴ/는)다는. 


Level 5 Lesson 10: NOUN + -(이)라고 + VERB (related to speaking or communication) 


Ex) 

NOUN + -(이)라고 + 말하다 = to say that something is NOUN, to say “NOUN” 

NOUN + -(이)라고 + 쓰다 = to write that something is NOUN, to write down “NOUN” 


Level 5 Lesson 12: NOUN + -(이)라는 + NOUN 


Ex) 

NOUN + -(이)라는 + 사람 = a person who says he/she is NOUN, a person who’s called NOUN NOUN + -(이)라는 + 곳 = a place that’s called NOUN 


Level 5 Lesson 16: VERB + -(ㄴ/는)다 


Ex) 

가다 (= to go) → 나 먼저 간다. (= Hey, I’m going to go.) 

먹다 (= to eat) → 나 이거 먹는다. (= Hey, I’m going to eat this.) 

오다 (= to come) → 전화 온다. (= Hey, the phone is ringing.) 



-(ㄴ/는)다고 is a COMBINATION of -(이)라고 and -(ㄴ/는)다.


The “NOUN + -(이)라고 + VERB” structure is used when you want to say “(they) say that (something is) + NOUN”. When you want to say “(they) say that (something) + VERB”, change 라 to 다. 


NOUN + -라고 → VERB + -다고


In order to change a verb into the -다고 form, however, you need to use the narrative form, which was introduced in the previous lesson. 


NOUN + -(이)라고 + 말하다/하다/쓰다/적다/부르다/etc. 

VERB + -(ㄴ/는)다고 + 말하다/하다/쓰다/적다/부르다/etc. 

(* (말)하다 = to say / 쓰다 = to write / 적다 = to write down / 부르다 = to call) 


Take a look at some examples:

(1) Combined with 말하다 (= to say) 


Action Verbs 

가다 → 간다고 말하다 (= to say that someone is going, to say that someone will go) 

보다 → 본다고 말하다 (= to say that someone sees something, to say that someone is going to see something) 


Descriptive Verbs 

좋다 → 좋다고 말하다 (= to say that something is good) 

크다 → 크다고 말하다 (= to say that something is big) 


(2) Combined with 듣다 (= to hear) 

Action Verbs 

오다 → 온다고 듣다 (= to hear that something/someone is coming) 

먹다 → 먹는다고 듣다 (= to hear that someone eats something, to hear that someone is eating something) 


Descriptive Verbs 

비싸다 → 비싸다고 듣다 (= to hear that something is expensive) 

맛있다 → 맛있다고 듣다 (= to hear that something is delicious) 


Sample Sentences

뭐라고 했어요? 

= What did you say? 


전화 온다고 했어요. 

= I said that your phone is ringing. 

= She said that there is a phone call coming in.

etc.

* This sentence can also be translated differently depending on the context. You never know without the subject.


그 사람이 내일 온다고 해요. 

= He says that he will come tomorrow. 


그 사람이 언제 온다고 했어요? 

= When did he say he would come? 


그 사람이 이거 뭐라고 했어요? 

= What did he say this was? 


한국은 겨울에 정말 춥다고 들었어요.

= I heard that it’s very cold during winter in Korea. 


여기에 뭐라고 써야 돼요? 

= What should I write here?


TTMIK이 좋다고 쓰세요. 

= Write “TTMIK is good”. 


저도 간다고 말해 주세요. 

= Please tell them that I am going to go, too. 


이거 재미있다고 들었어요. 

= I heard that this is fun. 


Just as you learned to create the adjective form of -(이)라고 (-(이)라는) in Level 5 Lesson 12, you will learn to create the adjective form of -(ㄴ/는)다고, which is -(ㄴ/는)다는.


VERB + -(ㄴ/는)다는 + NOUN


Again, -(ㄴ/는)다는 is a shortened form of -(ㄴ/는)다고 하는, which is a combination of -(ㄴ/는)다고 하다 plus -는. 


Ex) 

비가 온다고 하는 이야기 = a story in which someone says that it rains

→ 비가 온다는 이야기 


축하한다고 하는 메시지 = a message saying that he/she congratulates me 

→ 축하한다는 메시지 


Sample Sentences


TTMIK이 재미있다는 이야기를 들었어요. 

= I heard (a story in which) someone (was) saying that TTMIK is fun. 


저도 간다는 메시지를 남겼어요. 

= I left a message saying that I would go, too. 


주연 씨 결혼한다는 소식 들었어요?

= Have you heard the news that Jooyeon is getting married?


경은 씨가 제주도에 간다는 이야기를 들었어요. 

= I heard (a story that) someone (was) saying that Gyeong-eun was going to Jeju Island. 


지금 간다는 사람이 없어요. 

= There is no one who says they will go now.

안녕하세요! In this lesson we take a look at the verb ending -(ㄴ/는)다는 and -(ㄴ/는)다고 and how they are used after verbs to talk about an action or a state. We also briefly review Lessons 10, 12 and 16 of Level 5 in this one. Are you ready? Have fun!
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