Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

안녕하세요. ^^ Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

This lesson offers you a break from Korean grammar and allows you to focus more on vocabulary to help you learn and understand some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. With the Word Builder lessons, many (not all) of the words and/or roots are based on Chinese characters (한자), but the meanings can differ from modern-day Chinese. You do not have to memorize all the vocabulary in this lesson as they serve to help you understand how the roots help give words their meaning.


The key word element of this lesson is 식
The root of this lesson is 식. 


The Chinese character for this is 食. 

식 is related to “food” and “to eat”. 


Sample Expressions

식 (eat) + 사 (work, job) = 식사食事 = meal 

Ex) 식사하셨어요? = Have you eaten? / Have you had a meal? (common Korean greeting)


식 (eat) + 당 (house) = 식당食堂 = restaurant 

* The Koreanized English word 레스토랑 is also used, but if an eating establishment is called 레스토랑, everything is higher in price and it feels fancier than a 식당.


식 (eat) + 품 (thing, stuff, item) = 식품食品 = food item; groceries 

* 식품 is not used to refer to the food which you eat, but rather for food items or groceries found in a supermarket. 


식 (eat) + 탁 (table) = 식탁食卓 = (dining) table 

Related Vocab

탁자卓子 = table

탁구卓球 = table tennis


음 (drink) + 식 (eat) = 음식 飮食 = food 

Ex) 맛있는 음식 = delicious/tasty food 


음 (drink) + 식 (eat) + 점 (store) = 음식점飮食店 = restaurant 

* The word 음식점 is typically used to refer to the restaurant as a place of business in formal situations.

Ex) 홍대 앞에는 음식점이 많다. = There are many restaurants in front of Hongik University.


간 (gap, space) + 식 (eat) = 간식間食 = snack 

Ex) 주연 씨는 간식을 정말 좋아해요. = Jooyeon loves snacks.


분 (powder; flour) + 식 (food) = 분식粉食 = flour-based food 

* 분식 means “flour-based food” in theory, but people nowadays think of 분식 as whatever you can find in a restaurant or a street vendor which sells 떡볶이, 라면, etc.


외 (outside, exterior) + 식 (food) = 외식外食 = to eat out, to dine out 

Ex) 외식 자주 하세요? = Do you eat out often?


과 (excessive) + 식 (food) = 과식過食 = overeating, excessive eating 

Ex) 어제 과식한 것 같아요. = I think I ate too much yesterday.


후 (back; after) + 식 (food) = 후식後食 = dessert 

* 디저트 is also a popular word for “dessert”.


시 (test) + 식 (food) = 시식試食 = sample food, food sampling

Ex) 큰 마트에 가면 항상 시식을 해요. = When I go to a big supermarket, I always try the sample food.

안녕하세요. ^^ Welcome to another lesson in the Word Builder series. In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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