Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

There are many expressions in Korean that make a sentence less direct and less straightforward, and therefore a bit “softer”. In this lesson, we are going to introduce one of those expressions : Compared to, Relatively.

Korean is, often times, very straightforward. If you are saying something, but you want to be less direct, there are several expressions which can “soften” your sentence. You will learn how to use one of those expressions in this lesson. 


-(으)ㄴ/는 편이다  


In the dictionary, the word 편 by itself  means “side”, and it is found in words such as 맞은편 (opposite side) or 같은 편 (same side/team). You can use the word 편 in the structure “adjective + 편 + - 이다 (to be)” to say that something or someone is “rather + adjective”, “somewhat + adjective”, “on the + adjective + side” or “tend to be + adjective”. -ㄴ/은/는 is simply a way to change a verb into an adjective.


Take a look at some examples.

When you want to be direct and state that something is big, you can just say “커요” by using the verb 크다. If you use the same verb, but use it in the -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 form, “큰 편이에요”, the meaning changes to “It’s on the bigger side”, “It’s rather big”, “It’s somewhat big”, or even “It’s not small”. 


Conjugation:

Descriptive verbs: Verb stems ending with a vowel + -ㄴ 편이다 

                                Verb stems ending with a consonant + -은 편이다 


Action verbs: Present tense → Verb stem + -는 편이다 

                        Past tense → Verb stem + -ㄴ/은 편이다 


More examples: 

작다 

→ 작아요 = It’s small. 

→ 작은 편이에요. = It’s rather small. / It’s on the smaller side. / It’s not the biggest. / It tends to be small. 


비싸다 

→ 비싸요. = It’s expensive. 

→ 비싼 편이에요. = It’s rather expensive. / It’s not the cheapest. / It’s a bit expensive. 


피아노를 잘 치다 

→ 피아노를 잘 쳐요. = I play the piano well. 

→ 피아노를 잘 치는 편이에요. = I play the piano rather well. / I am not too bad at playing the piano.


-에 비해서 / -에 비하면

You can also use the -(으)ㄴ 편이다 structure when comparing two or more things or people with one another. 


You already learned how to say “than” in Korean by using -보다. By adding -보다, you can say things like “이것보다 큰 편이에요” (= It is somewhat bigger than this one) or “저보다 바쁜 편이에요” (= He/She tends to be busier than me). 


Another commonly used expression is -에 비해서. 


The syllable 비 comes from the word 비교, and both 비 and 비교 mean “comparison”. Therefore, -에 비해서 means “compared to (something)”.
* Note: 비 is never used on its own to mean “comparison”. 


Ex) 

지난 주에 비해서 바쁜 편이에요. 

= We are somewhat busier compared to last week. 

(Similar: 지난 주보다 바쁜 편이에요.) 


한국어에 비해서 일본어는 발음이 쉬운 편이에요.

= Compared to Korean, Japanese tends to have easier pronunciation. 


-에 비하면 

-에 비하면 is similar to -에 비해서, but since it has the ending -(으)면, it contains the meaning of “IF”. Therefore, whereas -에 비해서 means just “compared to (something)”, -에 비하면 means “if you compare it to (something)”. 


Sample Sentences

저에 비하면 잘하는 편이에요.

= If you compare to me, you are pretty good at it.


저에 비해서 잘하는 편이에요. 

= Compared to me, you are pretty good at it.


여기는 다른 곳에 비해서 조용한 편이에요. 

= This place is, compared to other places, pretty quiet. 


그래도 버스에 비해서 지하철이 빠른 편이에요. 

= But still, compared to the bus, the subway is faster. 


저도 여기 자주 오는 편이에요.

= I come here quite frequently, too.

There are many expressions in Korean that make a sentence less direct and less straightforward, and therefore a bit “softer”. In this lesson, we are going to introduce one of those expressions : Compared to, Relatively.
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