Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다
-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다
Good work / 수고
I guess, I assume / -나 보다
I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다
Word builder 6 / 문(文)
As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자
It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다
While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가
(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns
Sentence Building Drill #3
Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ
Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)
Since, Because, As / -(으)니까
At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도
Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다
Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고
Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지
To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb
Sentence Building Drill #4
Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)
Word builder 8 / 식 (食)
It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다
Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고
Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /
Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에
You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)
To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다
they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고
Sentence Building Drill #5
Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean
In this lesson, you will learn about the structure -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다. This structure is a combination of two grammar points which were introduced in previous lessons. In Level 2 Lesson 17, you were introduced to -(으)ㄹ 수 없다 to express that you can’t do something, and in Level 3 Lesson 18, you learned how -밖에 is used in negative sentences to express the meaning of “only”.
-(으)ㄹ 수 없다 = can’t
ex) 할 수 없어요. = You can’t do it.
ex) 볼 수 없어요. = You can’t see it.
-밖에 + negative sentence = only
ex) 이거밖에 없어요. = I only have this. (lit. I don’t have anything other than this.)
ex) 3명밖에 안 왔어요. = Only three people came.
When putting -(으)ㄹ 수 없다 and -밖에 together, -밖에 follows 수 because -밖에 is paired with nouns, and 수 is a noun which means “way”, “idea”, “method”, or “solution”.
→ -(으)ㄹ 수 없다 + -밖에 = -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다
-(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다 literally means “other than THIS, there is nothing else you can do” or “outside of these options, there is none”. When naturally translated to English, it means “can only” or “to have no other choice but to (do something)”.
1. 사다 → 살 수밖에 없다
= to have no other choice but to buy
2. 포기하다 → 포기할 수밖에 없다
= to have no other choice but to give up
3. 좋아하다 → 좋아할 수밖에 없다
= can only like
-(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다 can also mean “it is more than natural” or “it is obviously expected” to do something or to be in a certain state.
1. 어렵다 → 어려울 수밖에 없다
= to be obviously expected to be difficult
2. 비싸다 → 비쌀 수밖에 없다
= to be obviously going to be expensive
3. 시끄럽다 → 시끄러울 수밖에 없다
= to be bound to be noisy
1. 어제 밤늦게까지 공부를 해서, 오늘 피곤할 수밖에 없어요.
= He studied until late last night, so he’s bound to be tired today.
= He studied until late last night, so there is no way that he cannot be tired.
2. 미안하지만 이렇게 할 수밖에 없어요.
= I am sorry, but there is no other choice for me but to do it this way.
3. 그럴 수밖에 없어요.
= It’s bound to be that way. = It’s expected to be that way.
= That can’t be helped.
* 그럴 수밖에 없어요 is sometimes shortened to another form by dropping 없어요 and just saying “그럴 수밖에". If you want to be polite, add -요 to the end and say “그럴 수밖에요”.
4. 또 이야기할 수밖에 없어요.
= I have no other choice but to talk to them (about this) again.
5. 걱정이 될 수밖에 없어요.
= Of course I am worried.
= I’m obviously going to be worried.
You can replace -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없어요 with 안 -(으)ㄹ 수가 없어요 in most cases.
그럴 수밖에 없어요. = 안 그럴 수가 없어요.
걱정이 될 수밖에 없어요. = 걱정이 안 될 수가 없어요.