Level 5 Korean Grammar

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1

Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다

2

-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다

3

Good work / 수고

4

I guess, I assume / -나 보다

5

I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다

6

Word builder 6 / 문(文)

7

As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자

8

It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다

9

While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가

10

(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns

11

Sentence Building Drill #3

12

Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ

13

Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)

14

Since, Because, As / -(으)니까

15

At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도

16

Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다

17

Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고

18

Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지

19

To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb

20

Sentence Building Drill #4

21

Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)

22

Word builder 8 / 식 (食)

23

It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다

24

Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고

25

Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /

26

Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에

27

You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)

28

To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다

29

they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고

30

Sentence Building Drill #5

31

Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean

Sentence Building Drill #5

안녕하세요! This is the Sentence Building Drill (문장 만들기 연습) lesson! In this series, we will look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.

In the Sentence Building Drill series, your main focus is learning to use the grammatical rules and expressions which you have learned so far to train yourself to make more Korean sentences more comfortably and more flexibly. 


Beginning with THREE key sentences, you will practice changing parts of these sentences so you don’t end up just memorizing the same three sentences. The goal is to be as flexible as possible with the Korean sentences you can make. 


Key sentence #1 

벌써 10시니까, 오늘 가지 말고 내일 가요.

= It is already 10 o’clock, so do not go today and go tomorrow (instead). 


Key sentence #2 

제가 이거 도와주는 대신에, 다음번에 제가 부탁이 있으면 들어줘야 돼요.

= I’m helping you with this one, but in return, you have to help me when I have a favor next time. 


Key sentence #3 

지금은 다른 사람이 없으니까 저라도 갈 수밖에 없어요.

= There is no one else now, so there is no other way but for me to go there (even though I am not the best person for it). 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #1 


0. Original sentence: 

벌써 10시니까, 오늘 가지 말고 내일 가요. 

= It is already 10 o’clock, so do not go today and go tomorrow (instead). 


1. 

벌써 1시예요. = It is already one o’clock. 

벌써 2시니까 = since it is already two o’clock 

아직 3시예요. = It is still three o’clock. 

아직 4시니까 = since it is still four o’clock 


2. 

오늘 가지 말고 내일 가요. = Do not (Let’s not) go today, but go tomorrow (instead). 

혼자 가지 말고 같이 가요. = Do not (Let’s not) go there alone, but go together (with me/them). 

이거 사지 말고 저거 사요. = Do not (Let’s not) buy this, but buy that one. 

오늘 가지 말고 내일 갈까요? = Shall we not go there today and go tomorrow (instead)? 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #2


0. Original sentence: 

제가 이거 도와주는 대신에, 다음번에 제가 부탁이 있으면 들어줘야 돼요. 

= I am helping you with this one, but in return, you have to help me when I have a favor next time. 


1. 

이거 하는 대신에 = instead of doing this 

오늘 영화 보는 대신에 = instead of watching a movie today, in return for letting you watch a movie today 

오늘 안 가는 대신에 = instead of not going there today, to make up for not going there today 


2. 

다음번에 제가 부탁이 있으면 = next time if I have a favor (to ask) 

다음번에 저를 만나면 = next time you meet me, when you see me next time, if you see me next time 

다음번에 다시 오면 = when you come back next time 


3. 

부탁이 있어요. = I have a favor (to ask). 

부탁 하나 들어주세요. = Please do me a favor. 

부탁이 있는데, 들어줘야 돼요. = I have a favor (to ask of you), and I need you to do me that favor. 



Expansion & variation practice with key sentence #3 


0. Original sentence: 

지금은 다른 사람이 없으니까 저라도 갈 수밖에 없어요. 

= There is no one else now so there is no other way but for me to go there (even though I am not the best person for it). 


1. 

다른 사람이 없어요. = There is no other person. 

지금은 다른 사람이 없어요. = There is no other person now. 

지금은 다른 사람이 없으니까 = since there is no one else now 

지금은 아무도 없으니까 = since there is no one now 


2. 

갈 수밖에 없어요. = There is no other way but to go. 

저라도 갈 수밖에 없어요. = Even though I might not be the best person for it, I have to go there. 

저라도, 혼자라도 갈 수밖에 없어요. = Even though I might not be the best person for it, and even though going alone might not be the best choice, I have no other choice but to go there. 

안녕하세요! This is the Sentence Building Drill (문장 만들기 연습) lesson! In this series, we will look at how you can expand your Korean sentence building skills by adding or replacing certain words in given sentences. All the “key” sentences that are used in these lessons are composed of grammar points that have previously been introduced through our lessons.
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