Almost did / -(으)ㄹ 뻔했다, 할 뻔했다
-시- (honorific) / -시-, 하시다
Good work / 수고
I guess, I assume / -나 보다
I guess, I assume – Part 2 / -(으)ㄴ가 보다
Word builder 6 / 문(文)
As soon as… / -자마자, 하자마자
It is about to …, I am planning to … / -(으)려고 하다, 하려고 하다
While I was doing, and then / -다가, 하다가
(To say) that S + be / -(이)라고 + nouns
Sentence Building Drill #3
Noun + -(이)라는 + Noun / Someone that is called ABC / Someone who says s/he is XYZ
Word Builder lesson 7 / 회 (會)
Since, Because, As / -(으)니까
At least, Instead, It might not be the best but… / -(이)라도
Narrative Present Tense in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다
Quoting someone in Korean / -(ㄴ/는)다는, -(ㄴ/는)다고
Whether or not / -(으)ㄴ/는지
To tell someone to do something / Verb + -(으)라고 + Verb
Sentence Building Drill #4
Word Contractions - Part 3 (이거를 –> 이걸)
Word builder 8 / 식 (食)
It seems like … / I assume … / -(으)려나 보다
Not A But B, Don’t do THIS but do THAT / 말고, -지 말고
Compared to, Relatively / -에 비해서 -ㄴ/은/는 편이다 /
Instead of … / 대신에, -는 대신에
You know, Isn’t it, You see…, Come on… / -잖아(요)
To have no other choice but to… / -(으)ㄹ 수밖에 없다
they said that they had done …, they said that they would … / -았/었/였다고, -(으)ㄹ 거라고
Sentence Building Drill #5
Test Your Korean – Level 5 Dialogue in 100% Korean
If you’ve studied with our Level 4 book, in Lesson 27 you learned how to express “I think that...” or “it seems that ...” by using 것 같다. The key sentence structure in this lesson is somewhat similar to 것 같다, but it carries a stronger connotation of “I suppose … because …” or “I assume … based on ABC (fact).”
-나 보다 = I assume; I suppose; I guess
This is typically only used when you are talking about someone other than yourself; however, when you talk about yourself using -나 보다, you are referring to yourself in the third person by making assumptions about how or why you have done something.
I guess you don’t like coffee.
I guess I’ve never heard about it.
* Very important note: -나 보다 is only used with action verbs.
Verb stem + -나 보다
Verb stem + -았/었/였 + -나 보다
(Future tense uses a different structure, which you will learn with us later.)
하다 = to do
하 + -나 보다 = 하나 보다 = I guess they do + something
→ [present tense] 하나 봐요.
→ [past tense] 했나 봐요
모르다 = to not know
모르 + -나 봐요 = 모르나 봐요.
= I guess he/she/they doesn’t know.
= I guess he/she/they didn’t know.
없다 = to not exist; to be not present
없 + -나 봐요 = 없나 봐요.
= I guess he/she/they/it is not there.
= I guess he/she/they/it wasn’t there.
재미있다 = to be fun; to be interesting
재미있 + -나 봐요 = 재미있나 봐요.
= I guess it’s fun. / I suppose it’s interesting.
= I guess it was fun.
사다 = to buy
사 + -나 봐요 = 사나 봐요.
= I guess he/she/they buys.
= I guess he/she/they bought.
주연 씨는 아직 모르나 봐요.
= I guess Jooyeon still doesn’t know.
또 비가 오나 봐요.
= I guess it’s raining again.
어제 재미있었나 봐요.
= I guess it was fun yesterday. / I assume you had a good time yesterday.
아무도 없나 봐요.
= I guess there’s no one there.
고장 났나 봐요.
= I guess it broke.