Level 9 Korean Grammar

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1

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions / 손 (Hand)

2

-아/어/여 버리다 / completed action

3

Advanced Situational Expressions: When You Are Unhappy

4

-고 말다 / (unintended) completed action

5

Advanced Situational Expressions: When you are worried

6

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 발 (foot)

7

Word Builder 18 / 비 (非)

8

Advanced Situational Expressions: Asking a favor

9

-(으)ㅁ / simplifying a sentence ending

10

Sentence Building Drill 15

11

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 마음 (mind, heart)

12

-아/어/여 보이다 / looks like, seems like

13

Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)

14

Advanced Situational Expressions: 후회할 때

15

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 기분 (feeling)

16

-(으)ㄹ 테니(까) / in return for, since it will be ...

17

-(으/느)ㄴ 이상 / as long as, since

18

-(으)ㄹ까 보다 / expressing concern or reason for a decision

19

Advanced Situational Expressions: 오랜만에 만났을 때

20

Sentence Building Drill 16

21

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 생각 (thought, idea)

22

Word builder 20 / 시 (示, 視)

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-(으)면서 / while

24

-(ㄴ/는)다면서(요), -(이)라면서(요) / didn't you say ...

25

Advanced Situational Expressions: 길을 물어볼 때

26

Advanced Idiomatic Expressions – 시간 (time)

27

-더니 / this happened and then that happened

28

-(으)ㄹ 바에 / might as well, I would rather

29

Advanced Situational Expressions: 차가 막힐 때

30

Sentence Building Drill 17

Word Builder 19 / 신 (新)

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.

Word Builder lessons are designed to help you understand how to expand your vocabulary by learning/understanding some common and basic building blocks of Korean words. The words and letters introduced through Word Builder lessons are not necessarily all Chinese characters, or 한자 [han-ja], though many of them are based on Chinese characters, the meanings can be different from modern-day Chinese. Your goal, through these lessons, is to understand how words are formed and remember the keywords in Korean to expand your Korean vocabulary from there.  You certainly don’t have to memorize the Hanja characters, but if you want to, feel free!


Today’s keyword is 신.

The Chinese character for this is 新. There are many other Chinese characters (or Hanja letters) that are used for 신, so keep in mind that not all the words that have 신 in them have related meanings.

The word 신 (新) is related to “new”.


신제품 = 신 (new) + 제 (make) + 품 (item) = 新製品 = new product

신기록 = 신 (new) + 기록 (record) = 新記錄 = new record

신학기 = 신 (new) + 학 (learn, school) + 기 (period) = 新學期 = new semester 

신인 = 신 (new) + 인 (person) = 新人 = rookie

신작 = 신 (new) + 작 (make) = 新作 = new movie/book/musical/etc

신혼 = 신 (new) +혼 (marriage) = 新婚 = newlywed, the first few years of married life

갱신 = 갱 (alter) + 신 (new) = 更新 = modification

경신 = 경 (alter) + 신 (new) = 更新 = breaking the record

혁신 = 혁 (alter) + 신 (new) = 革新 = innovation

신세대 = 신 (new) + 세대 (generation) = 新世代 = new generation 

신세계 = 신 (new) + 세계 (world) = 新世界 = new world 

신입 = 신 (new) + 입 (enter) = 新入 = new employee 

신입 사원 = 신 (new) + 입 (enter) + 사 (company) + 원 (member) = 新入 社員 = new employee

신입생 = 신 (new) + 입 (enter) + 생 (student) = 新入生 = freshman student

신병 = 신 (new) + 병 (soldier) = 新兵 = rookie soldier

신간 = 신 (new) + 간 (publish) = 新刊 = new publication 

신간 서적 = 신 (new) + 간 (publish) + 서 (book) + 적 (document) = 新刊 書籍 newly published book

안녕하세요! In the Word Builder lessons, we introduce letters and words that work as building blocks of the Korean vocabulary. They are not necessarily all Hanja words based on Chinese characters, but many of them are.
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